Skip to main content

Table 3 Rescue medication use during overall study period

From: Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for functional constipation: a randomised, sham-controlled pilot trial

  No. of participants* p-valuea Days using rescue medication p-valueb
  N (%)   (mean ± SD)  
Total
 RA (n = 14) 1 (7.1%) 0.1686 0.43 ± 1.60 0.4154
 SA (n = 15) 5 (33.3%)   1.07 ± 2.43  
Subgroup A
 RA (n = 5) 0 (0.0%) 0.1667 0.00 ± 0.00 0.2328
 SA (n = 4) 2 (50.0%)   2.50 ± 4.36  
Subgroup B
 RA (n = 9) 1 (11.1%) 0.5765 0.67 ± 2.00 0.9615
 SA (n = 8) 2 (25.0%)   0.63 ± 1.41  
  1. Subgroup A, participants whose proportion of hard stool (BSS type 1–2) > 25% of total defecation; Subgroup B, participants whose CAS score ≥ 7
  2. RA real acupuncture, SA sham acupuncture
  3. *who used rescue medication during the period
  4. aFisher’s exact test
  5. bindependent two-sample t-test