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Table 3 Prevalence of the use potentially inappropriate Kampo medications to be used with cautiona in elderly patients taking any prescribed Kampo medications

From: Prevalence of the potentially inappropriate Kampo medications to be used with caution among elderly patients taking any prescribed Kampo medications at a single centre in Japan: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Characteristic Total
n = 80
Any potentially inappropriate Kampo medications to be used with caution, n (%) 23 (28.8)
Aconite for uncontrolled hypertensionb or tachyarrhythmiac patients, n (%) 5 (6.3)
Glycyrrhizae radix for CKD patients or loop diuretic users, n (%) 16 (20.0)
Ephedra for uncontrolled hypertensionb, ischaemic heart disease, or dysuria patients, n (%) 1 (1.3)
Scutellaria baicalensis for interferon users or liver cirrhosis patients, n (%) 0 (0.0)
Long-term used of gardenia, n (%) 1 (1.3)
  1. aDefined based on the 2015 Japan Geriatrics Society guidelines
  2. bUncontrolled hypertension was defined as office systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg
  3. cTachyarrhythmia was defined as any arrhythmia that was controlled with antiarrhythmic medications
  4. dLong-term use was defined as use for more than 3 years