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Table 5 Evidence for Positive Outcomes

From: Evidence for the use of complementary and alternative medicines during fertility treatment: a scoping review

Method Type of Outcome Level I
Improved Outcome
Level II
Improved Outcome
Level III-1
Improved Outcome
Level III-2
Improved Outcome
Level III-3
Improved Outcome
Level IV
Improved Outcome
Acupuncture Female Fertility 40%
(2/5)
58%
(7/12)
0%
(0/1)
33.3%
(1/3)
100%
(4/4)
(14.3%)
1/7
  Male Fertility 66.7%
(2/3)
100%
(1/1)
0%
(0/1)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
100%
(4/4)
  Mental Health 100%
(1/1)
100%
(3/3)
--
(0/0)
0%
(0/1)
0%
0/1
100%
(2/2)
Ayurveda Female Fertility --
(0/0)
67%
(2/3)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(6/6)
  Male Fertility --
(0/0)
100%
(2/2)
100%
(1/1)
66.7%
(2/3)
--
(0/0)
100%
(2/2)
  Mental Health --
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
Chinese Herbal Medicine Female fertility 75%
(9/12)
84%
(21/25)
100%
(2/2)
66.7%
(2/3)
66.7%
(2/3)
37.5%
(3/8)
  Male fertility 100%
2/2
100%
(6/6)
85.7%
(6/7)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
  Mental health --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(2/2)
Herbal Medicine Female fertility 0%
(0/1)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(2/2)
66.7%
(2/3)
  Male fertility 50%
(1/2)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
66.7%
(4/6)
  Mental health --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
0%
(0/1)
--
(0/0)
Homeopathy Female fertility --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
Hypnosis Female fertility --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
Massage Female
fertility
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
Naturopathy Female
fertility
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
Osteopathy Female fertility --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
Relaxation Mental health --
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
100%
(1/1)
100%
(3/3)
--
(0/0)
100%
(3/3)
Yoga Mental health --
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
--
(0/0)
100%
(1/1)
--
(0/0)
100%
(2/2)
  1. Fractions in parenthesis represent the number of studies that improve the outcome over the total number of studies in that area. CAM methods which had no studies (n = 0) evaluating specific fertility outcomes were removed from the table