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Table 2 Comparison between the positive control (no treatment) group and  the treated groups

From: Antischistosomal and anti-inflammatory activity of garlic and allicin compared with that of praziquantel in vivo

Number of ova/gm/group Positive Control Prophylaxis with garlic Prophylaxis with Allicin Garlic Allicin Praziquantel
Mean Worm Burden ± SE Male 7.5 ± 2.06 6.15 ± 2.1 6.44 ± 2.16 6.24 ± 2.13 6.59 ± 2.21 6.46 ± 2.09
Female 2.8 ± 1.39 2.44 ± 1.20 2.40 ± 1.1 2.48 ± 1.17 2.55 ± 1.16 2.76 ± 1.25
Couple 5.5 ± 0.97 3.92 ± 1.71* 3.83 ± 1.44* 4.02 ± 1.77* 3.98 ± 1.59* 3.66 ± 1.54**
Total 21.3 ± 2.35 16.39 ± 5.69* 16.80 ± 5.13* 16.64 ± 5.69* 16.97 ± 5.28* 16.41 ± 4.89**
% Total Worm Burden Reduction 21.91*** 20.15*** 21.88*** 20.33*** 22.33***
Number of Ova/gm Liver 3223.7 ± 732.45 2719.25 ± 820.2 2770.66 ± 817.85 2720.14 ± 822.22 2771.81 ± 818.97 2502.39 ± 867.65
Intestine 3390.4 ± 741.58 3057.25 ± 871.8 3086.11 ± 871.69 3061.35 ± 877.77 3087.09 ± 871.69 2834.15 ± 908.98
% Reduction of Total Ova Count in Tissues 11.94*** 11.39*** 12.59*** 11.42*** 19.32***
% Egg Developmental Stages ± SE %Immature 54.5 ± 1.58 48.26 ± 10. 81 46.45 ± 11.11 47.96 ± 11.18 46.48 ± 11.25 46.06 ± 10.99
%Mature 39.4 ± 1.89 40.50 ± 8.97 40.38 ± 9.45 40.36 ± 9.07 40.52 ± 9.59 39.66 ± 9.42
%Dead 6.1 ± 0.99 7.47 ± 2.57 7.88 ± 2.76 7.52 ± 2.71 8.01 ± 2.76 8.94 ± 3.29
  1. Values are expressed as the mean number (M) ± standard deviation (SD)
  2. ***Highly significant statistical difference from infected control mice at P < 0.001
  3. **Statistically significant difference from infected control mice at P < 0.01
  4. *Statistically significant difference from infected control mice at P < 0.05