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Table 7 Comparison between the groups’ treatment effects, measured by SWED-QUAL subscale scores, as p-valuesa and effect sizeb

From: Effect of traditional yoga, mindfulness–based cognitive therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy, on health related quality of life: a randomized controlled trial on patients on sick leave because of burnout

Subscale TY - CBT MBCT - CBT TY - MBCT
  P-value ES P-value ES P-value ES
Physical functioning 0.28 0.09 0.13 0.44 M 0.70 0.29 M
Satisfaction with physical functioning 0.82 0.06 0.89 −0.08 0.71 0.06
Pain 0.39 0.18 0.38 −0.07 0.66 0.13
Role limitation due to physical health 0.76 −0.02 0.47 0.33 M 0.75 0.04
Role limitation due to emotional health 0.25 0.39 Y 0.36 0.32 M 0.95 0.1
Positive affect 0.94 0.07 0.52 −0.17 0.70 0.23 Y
Negative affect 0.09 0.43 Y 0.19 0.37 M 0.65 0.09
Cognitive function 1.0 0.01 0.38 0.32 M 0.35 0.28 M
Sleep 0.40 0.16 0.16 0.36 M 0.66 0.16
General health 0.41 0.26 Y 0.88 0.04 0.69 0.20 Y
Satisfaction with family functioning 0.14 0.22 Y 0.32 0.15 0.46 0.07
Satisfaction with partner functioning 0.60 0.05 0.47 0.01 0.87 0.04
Sexual functioning 0.39 0.31 Y 0.48 0.30 M 0.91 0.09
  1. aWilcoxon rank-sum test. bEffect size (ES), Cohen’s D < 0.2 is considered as no effect, ≥ 0.2 < 0.5 a small effect,
  2. ≥0.5 < 0.8 = a medium effect and ≥0.8 = a large effect. Significant ES and p-values after Holm-Bonferroni correction in bold