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Table 1 Indian medicinal plants used in the present study and their ethnomedicinal uses

From: Phytochemical profiling and in vitro screening for anticholinesterase, antioxidant, antiglucosidase and neuroprotective effect of three traditional medicinal plants for Alzheimer’s Disease and Diabetes Mellitus dual therapy

Plant name Local name Voucher number Traditional uses Reported activities
B.axillaris Sara pappu YVU 15 AGD Leaves useful in hyperdipsia, burning sensation, cough, braonchitis, dyspepsia, leprosy and constipation [32]
Leaf juice is used as expectorant, aphrodisiac, purgative, depurative, blood purifier, thirst-quencher and cures digestive disorders [33]
Gum is antidiarhoeal used for treating rheumatism, diarrhea and intercostals [34]
Kernels as a brain tonic
Aerial parts to cure itch and to remove blemishes [35]
anti-inflammatory [36], cardioprotective [37] and antioxidant activities [38].
H.indicus Suganda pala YVU 45 AGD Root used against asthma, loss of appetite, bleeding piles, bronchitis, diabetes, diarrhea, epileptic fits in children, eye diseases, leucorrhoea, leprosy, leucoderma, indigestion, jaundice, chronic rheumatism, respiratory disorders, skin diseases, syphilis, and urinary diseases [39, 40]
Plant used as antipyretic, antidiarrhoeal, anti-rheumatic, antidote in snakebite aphrodisiac, blood purifier, cardio tonic, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic, and immunosuppressant, purgative and refrigerant [41,42,43]
To improve quality and quantity of sperms [44].
as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antipyretic, antioxidant, wound healing, antithrombotic, antiulcerogenic, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, renoprotective, hepatoprotective and antidiabetic activities [45]
R.mysorensis Sitha Sundari YVU 79 AGD Fruits to treat dysentery
Leaves decoction as remedy for itching
Whole plant used in the treatment of diabetes [46]
hepatoprotective and antimicrobial activities [47,48,49].