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Table 1 Comparative properties and known information on the studied herbal medicines regarding acute kidney injury

From: Assessing the recovery from prerenal and renal acute kidney injury after treatment with single herbal medicine via activity of the biomarkers HMGB1, NGAL and KIM-1 in kidney proximal tubular cells treated by cisplatin with different doses and exposure times

   The studied herbal medicines
Herbal
Medicine
Artemisia
capillaris
Houttuynia
cordata
Leonurus
japonicus
Nelumbo
nymphaea
Schisandra
chinensis
Akebia
quinata
Ligustrum
lucidum
Paeonia
suffruticosa
Phellodendron
amurense
Trichosanthes
kirilowii
Assay results in the study NGAL ++ ++ ++ +++ ++ ++ ++ ++ +
KIM-1 ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ ++
HMGB1 ++ ++ +++ + + + +++ + +
Information Liver function recovery activity Anti-fungal activity and used as a hygiene amenity Slight anti-uretic activity and used for postpartum hemorrhage Used for various types of hemorrhage Increasing urinary flow Maintains urinary bladder flow Liver function recovery and anti-uretic effect Liver function recovery, anti-uretic effect and increasing WBCs Strong anti-fungal effect; efficacious compound, berberine was developed. Anti-diabetes and liver dampness effects
  1. The ¶ Mark indicates (−) less than 10% change, a (+) 10–20% change, a (++) 20–50% change, and (+++) greater than 50% change