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Table 2 Consumption and reasons for use of DS by medical students

From: Influence of pharmacological education on perceptions, attitudes and use of dietary supplements by medical students

Characteristics MSEP n (%) MSNEP n (%) Total n (%) p-valuesa
DS use     0.337
 Yes 98 (51) 80 (56) 178 (53)  
 No 94 (49) 62 (44) 156 (47)  
OTC medications use     0.094
 Yes 16 (8) 20 (14) 36 (11)  
 No 176 (92) 122 (86) 298 (89)  
Prescription drugs use     0.101
 Yes 7 (4) 11 (8) 18 (5)  
 No 185 (96) 131 (92) 316 (95)  
Reasons for DS use
 Improve general health 90 (47) 74 (52) 164 (49) 0.344
 Strengthen immunity 72 (38) 57 (40) 129 (39) 0.624
 Improve nutrition 62 (32) 42 (30) 104 (31) 0.596
 Enhance athletic performance 56 (29) 24 (17) 80 (24) 0.009*
 Improve concentration 34 (18) 23 (16) 57 (17) 0.717
 Increase endurance 28 (15) 23 (16) 51 (15) 0.685
 Relieve stress 14 (7) 9 (6) 23 (7) 0.734
 Promote weight loss 14 (7) 8 (6) 22 (7) 0.546
 Prevent/relieve PMS 6 (3) 1 (1) 7 (2) 0.127
Types of DS use
 Vitamins 66 (34) 60 (42) 126 (38) 0.142
 Minerals 30 (16) 34 (24) 64 (19) 0.056
 Herbal DS 18 (9) 13 (9) 31 (9) 0.945
 Non-herbal DS 43 (22) 31 (22) 74 (22) 0.902
 Multivitamins 36 (19) 27 (19) 63 (19) 0.951
 Vitamins + minerals 28 (15) 22 (16) 50 (15) 0.818
 Multivitamins + minerals 37 (19) 8 (6) 45 (14) <0.001**
 Multivitamins + multiminerals 24 (12) 65 (46) 89 (27) <0.001**
  1. a p values determined using chi square
  2. * p < 0.01; ** p < 0.001 – MSEP vs. MSNEP