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Table 2 Pediatric training

From: Pediatric training and practice of Canadian chiropractic and naturopathic doctors: a 2004–2014 comparative study

  Chiropractic Doctors (DC) Naturopathic Doctors (ND) DC vs. NDa
2004 2014 2004 vs. 2014a 2004 2014 2004 vs. 2014a
Amount of lecture-based training.
n (%)
None 5 (3) 7 (0.9) p< .001 4 (3) 4 (2) p= .002 2004: p = .23
2014: p< .001
Occasional 36 (21) 321 (43.3) 20 (13) 76 (32)
1 semester 75 (44) 29 (3.9) 79 (50) 106 (45.
1 year 19 (11) 385 (51.9) 20 (13) 45 (19)
Don’t recall 21 (12) 0 (0) 26 (17) 4 (2)
Rating of lecture-based training.b
n (%)
Very adequate 5 (3) 38 (7.1) p = .33 5 (3) 13 (8) p = .98 2004: p = .35
2014: p = .45
2 21 (13) 111 (20.6) 36 (23) 43 (27)
3 67 (41) 174 (32.3) 51 (33) 57 (36)
4 41 (25) 127 (23.6) 39 (25) 30 (19)
Not adequate 30 (18) 89 (16.5) 22 (14) 15 (9)
Amount of hands-on training.
n (%)
None 89 (52) 238 (49.2) p = .31 33 (21) 36 (23) p = .16 2004: p< .001
2014: p< .001
Minimal 64 (37) 161 (33.3) 106 (67) 93 (58)
Significant 7 (4) 41 (8.5) 8 (5) 20 (13)
Rating of hands-on training.
n (%)
Very adequate 5 (3) 23 (4.8) p = .15 1 (1) 12 (8) p = .086 2004: p = .042
2014: p = .174
2 12 (7) 52 (10.8) 15 (10) 16 (11)
3 26 (16) 88 (18.3) 42 (27) 36 (24)
4 34 (21) 124 (25.8) 45 (29) 48 (32)
Not adequate 82 (52) 193 (40.2) 51 (33) 36 (24)
Comfort level treating children.c
n (%)
Very comfortable 61 (36) 311 (62.4) p< .001 45 (28) 72.6 (48) p< .001 2004: p = .55
2014: p = .006
2 48 (28) 82.4 (16.5) 53 (33) 44.4 (30)
3 33 (19) 47.2 (9.5) 34 (21) 15.6 (10)
4 20 (12) 26.8 (5.4) 26 (16) 9.2 (6)
Not comfortable 9 (5) 30.2 (6.1) 4 (3) 7.6 (5)
  1. a: chi-squared tests. b: each 2014 adequacy value is an average of the diagnostic and treatment adequacy scores, to enable comparison with 2004. c: comfort by age category was only assessed in 2014; each 2014 comfort value is the average combined comfort scores for the 5 age categories, to enable comparison with 2004. Bold items are statistically significant