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Fig. 4 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 4

From: Anti-inflammatory evaluation of the methanolic extract of Taraxacum officinale in LPS-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Fig. 4

Effect of the Taraxacum officinale (TO) methanol extract on LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. The pro-inflammatory cytokine mRNA levels were normalized to that of a housekeeping gene (18S rRNA) as well as the vehicle-only-treated control, and the 2-ΔΔCt for each mRNA is reported. Results shown are the mean ± SE of 3 independent experiments (a, b, c). ***p < 0.001 vs LPS only treatment

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