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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Association of TCM body constitution with insulin resistance and risk of diabetes in impaired glucose regulation patients

  Age Male (%) BMI (Kg/m2) FPI (mu/L) TC (mmol/L) TG (mmol/L) Scr (μmol/L) BUN (mg/dL)
Qi-deficiency
 Yes (n = 39) 52 (49–54) 18 (46.2) 27.7 (26.3–28.9) 14.3 (13.1–16.3) 5.3 (4.8–5.8) 2.5 (2.3–2.7) 113 (96–133) 14.0 (12.6–15.7)
 No (n = 267) 52 (49–55) 147 (55.1) 26.9 (25.4–28.1) 13.5 (11.8–15.9) 4.8 (4.1–5.5) 2.3 (1.8–2.8) 110 (93–126) 113.8 (12.9–15.1)
P value 0.825 0.308 0.026 0.030 0.002 0.011 0.482 0.627
Phlegm-damp
 Yes (n = 57) 52 (49–55) 34 (59.6) 27.3 (26.0–28.8) 14.7 (12.6–16.5) 5.2 (4.6–5.6) 2.5 (2.2–2.8) 117 (100–137) 14.6 (13.4–15.5)
 No (n = 249) 52 (49–55) 131 (52.6) 26.9 (25.4–28.1) 13.6 (11.8–15.8) 4.8 (4.1–5.5) 2.3 (1.8–2.7) 109 (92–125) 13.8 (12.8–14.9)
 P value 0.640 0.378 0.029 0.054 0.014 0.029 0.024 0.013
Damp-heat
 Yes (n = 52) 51 (48–54) 31 (59.6) 27.6 (26.5–28.6) 14.9 (13.1–16.4) 5.3 (4.6–5.7) 2.5 (2.2–2.9) 118 (109–135) 14.7 (13.2–15.5)
 No (n = 254) 52 (49–55) 134 (52.8) 26.8 (25.3–28.2) 13.5 (11.8–15.8) 4.8 (4.1–5.5) 2.3 (1.8–2.7) 108 (89–125) 13.8 (12.8–14.9)
 P value 0.081 0.446 0.013 0.021 0.029 0.010 0.001 0.018
  1. Categorical Variable are expressed as frequency (%) and analyzed by Chi-squared test (Sex); Continuous variable are expressed as median (25th to 75th percentiles) and analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test
  2. BMI body mass index, FPI fasting plasma insulin, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, Scr serum creatinine, BUN blood urea nitrogen