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Table 5 Prognostic factors regarding LSS

From: Survey of integrative lumbar spinal stenosis treatment in Korean medicine doctors: preliminary data for clinical practice guidelines

Prognostic factors Importance
  mean ± SD
Clinical symptomsa 6.2 ± 1.0
Age 6.1 ± 1.1
Radiological findings 5.9 ± 1.1
Past history (e.g. surgery, trauma) 5.8 ± 1.2
Patient attitude toward disorder 5.6 ± 1.2
Time elapsed since onset and cause of onset 5.5 ± 1.3
Personality and other psychological factors (e.g. depression, anxiety) 5.3 ± 1.1
Physical examination 4.8 ± 1.4
Comorbidities 4.8 ± 1.3
Korean Medicine syndrome differentiation 4.3 ± 1.5
  1. LSS lumbar spinal stenosis
  2. aFactor most frequently ranked 1st
  3. (Importance: 1 = not at all important, 2 = unimportant, 3 = somewhat unimportant, 4 = neither important nor unimportant, 5 = somewhat important, 6 = important, 7 = very important)