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Table 4 Effect of ethanolic extracts of E. hirta on the fasting plasma blood glucose level of experimental rats

From: Wound healing effect of Euphorbia hirta linn. (Euphorbiaceae) in alloxan induced diabetic rats

Groups/
Post wounding days
Blood glucose level(mg/dl)
1st day 8th day 16th day
Group I 85.70 ± 2.18 83.05 ± 1.98 86.40 ± 2.16
Group II 225.00 ± 3.02a** 270.00 ± 3.22a** 284.79 ± 5.83 a**
Group III 227.50 ± 2.77a** 195.50 ± 2.40b** 163.00 ± 3.10 b**
Group IV 239.40 ± 3.19a** 176.70 ± 2.65 b** 159.40 ± 3.74 b**
Group V 240.20 ± 2.45a** 147.60 ± 2.98 b** 109.00 ± 2.87 b**
Group VI 234.00 ± 1.64a** 250.10 ± 2.75b† 277.00 ± 4.22 b†
Group VII 219.20 ± 2.41a** 245.30 ± 2.25 b† 266.40 ± 3.37 b†
Group VIII 210.40 ± 2.15a** 246.70 ± 2.90 b† 269.80 ± 5.18 b†
  1. Each value is Mean ± S.E.M (n = 3). (*) indicates statistically significant difference from respective group using ANOVA, followed by Dunnett’s multiple comparison test (** p < 0.01). (†) indicates statistically no significant difference from respective group using ANOVA, followed by Dunnett’s multiple comparison test (p > 0.05). a = when compared with Normal control, b = when compared with diabetic wound control. Group I = normal control, Group II = Diabetic wound control, Group III = Diabetic wound control +100 mg ethanolic extract of E. hirta, Group IV = Diabetic wound control +200 mg ethanolic extract of E. hirta, Group V = Diabetic wound control +400 mg ethanolic extract of E. hirta, Group VI = Diabetic wound control +5% Povidone iodine, Group VII = Diabetic wound control +5% ethanolic extract of E. hirta, Group VIII = Diabetic wound control +10% ethanolic extract of E. hirta