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Table 3 Biological characteristics of patients upon admission to the study

From: Impact of Moringa oleifera lam. Leaf powder supplementation versus nutritional counseling on the body mass index and immune response of HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy: a single-blind randomized control trial

Variables n = 30 Moringa group % n = 30 Control group % P
Median (min–max) Median (min–max)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Hb (g/dl)   12.2 (1.3)    12.3 (1.4)   0.99
<12    37    40 0.79
≥12    63    60  
CD4 (Cells/μl)   432.4 (195.0)    459.4 (215.0)   0.61
<350    30    30 0.99
≥350    70    70  
VL(copies RNA/ml)        
<40 (undetectable)    70    67 0.78
≥40 (detectable)    30    33  
Log10        
<1.6 (undetectable)    70    63 0.58
≥1.6 (detectable)    30    37  
VL (copies/ml)        
<1000    97    87 0.23
≥1000    3    13  
Albumin (g/dl)   3.3 (0.8)    3.9 (0.7)   0.018
<3.5    57    30 0.03
≥3.5    43    70  
CRP (mg/l)        
<6 (normal)    83    60 0.04
≥6 (pathological)    17    40  
Creatinine (g/dl)        
Men 7    7    
≤1.4    100    100 -
>1.4    0    0  
Women 23    23    
≤1.2    100    100 -
>1.2    0    0  
  1. Hb Hemoglobin, CD4 lymphocytes cells count, VL viral load, CRP C-reactive protein, SD standard deviation