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Table 1 List of the 26 component herbs of the Mathurameha herbal formula

From: Hypoglycaemic activity of Mathurameha, a Thai traditional herbal formula aqueous extract, and its effect on biochemical profiles of streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats

No. Scientific name Family name Vernacular name Part used Authentic specimen collecting location
[voucher/collector’s no.]
Commercial crude drug supplier
[crude drug’s no.]
1 Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet Malvaceae Khrop fan si Aerial part Wangnamyen, Sa kaeo, Thailand [PBM 05164] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0503]
2 Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl Acanthaceae Ngueak pla mo Aerial part Salaya, Nakorn pathom, Thailand [PBM 05186] Herbal drug store [CrDM 2403]
3 Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees Acanthaceae Fa thalai chon Aerial part Rajathevi, Bangkok, Thailand [PBM 05168] Local herbal farmer [CrDM 1203]
4 Caryota mitis Lour. Arecaceae Tao rang Stem Maerim, Chiang mai, Thailand [QBG 88959]a Herbal drug store [CrDM 0903]
5 Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae Haeo mu Rhizome Rajathevi, Bangkok, Thailand [PBM 04177] Herbal drug store [CrDM 2503]
6 Derris reticulata Craib Fabaceae Cha em nuea Stem Salaya, Nakorn pathom, Thailand [Chayarop 019] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0703]
7 Harrisonia perforata (Blanco) Merr. Simaroubaceae Khon tha Root Kabchoeng, Surin, Thailand [PBM 05099] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0403]
8 Homalomena aromatica (Spreng.) Schott Araceae Tao kiat Rhizome Wangnamyen, Sa kaeo, Thailand [Chayarop 020] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0803]
9 Hydnophytum formicarum Jack Rubiaceae Hua roi ru Rhizome Maerim, Chiang mai, Thailand [QBG 28200]a Herbal drug store [CrDM 2303]
10 Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Poaceae Ya kha Root Maerim, Chiang mai, Thailand [QBG 33404]a
Salaya, Nakorn pathom, Thailand [PBM 05188]
Herbal drug store [CrDM 2103]
11 Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. Lythraceae Inthanin nam Leaf Rajathevi, Bangkok, Thailand [PBM 05172] Herbal drug store [CrDM 2603]
12 Neuropeltis racemosa Wall. Convolvulaceae Sae ma thalai Stem Wangnamyen, Sa kaeo, Thailand [PBM 05111] Local herbalist [CrDM 2003]
13 Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. Lamiaceae Ya nuat maeo Aerial part Rajathevi, Bangkok, Thailand [PBM 05171] Herbal drug store [CrDM 2203]
14 Pandanus odorifer (Forssk.) Kuntze Pandanaceae Lam chiak Root Maerim, Chiang mai, Thailand [QBG 24201]a Herbal drug store [CrDM 1603]
15 Parameria laevigata (Juss.) Moldenke Apocynaceae Muak khao Stem Loengnokta, Yasothon, Thailand [PBM 02752] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1303]
16 Premna herbacea Roxb. Lamiaceae Khao yen tai Rhizome Li, Lamphun, Thailand [QBG 3907]b Herbal drug store [CrDM 0203]
17 Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz Acanthaceae Thong phan chang Aerial part Rajathevi, Bangkok, Thailand [PBM 05170] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1003]
18 Salacia chinensis L. Celastraceae Kam phaeng chet chan Stem Kantararom, Srisaket, Thailand [PBM 04927] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0103]
19 Smilax glabra Roxb. Smilacaceae Khao yen nuea Rhizome Wang chin, Phrae, Thailand [QBG 3138] b Herbal drug store [CrDM 0303]
20 Solanum trilobatum L. Solanaceae Ma waeng khruea Fruit Wangnamyen, Sa kaeo, Thailand [PBM 05166] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1503]
21 Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Combretaceae Samo phi phek Ripen fruit Kabchoeng, Surin, Thailand [PBM 04172] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1903]
22 Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretaceae Samo thai Ripen fruit Kabchoeng, Surin, Thailand [PBM 04173] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1803]
23 Terminalia sp. Combretaceae Samo thet Ripen fruit N/A Herbal drug store [CrDM 1703]
24 Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook. f. & Thomson Menispermaceae Bora phet Stem Wangnamyen, Sa kaeo, Thailand [PBM 04215] Herbal drug store [CrDM 1103]
25 Tribulus cistoides L. Zygophyllaceae Khok kra sun Aerial part Baan lad, Phetburi, Thailand [PBM 05163] Herbal drug store [CrDM 0603]
26 Urceola minutiflora (Pierre) Mabb. Apocynaceae Muak daeng Stem Maerim, Chiang mai, Thailand [QBG 41448] a Herbal drug store [CrDM 1403]
  1. aSpecimens collected from Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden (QSBG) under the regulation for accessing biological resources; b Specimens received from Assoc. Prof. Weena Jiratchariyakul