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Table 1 Profile of ethnomedicinal use of selected medicinal plants, botanical/English/local name used, route of administration and plant extract yield obtained in the present study

From: Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and anti-inflammatory potential of methanolic extracts of four ethnomedicinal plant species from Punjab, Pakistan

Sample no. Botanical name, family English name/Local name Parts used Ethnomedicinal use Route of administration Yield (%)
1 Aristolochia indica L., Aristolochiaceae Birthwort,wort killer/ Hukka-bel Leaves To cure poisonous bite, inflammations, reduce itching, leprocy, gastric stimulant, diarrhoea, intermittent fever, cough Topical, Oral 31
2 Cuscuta pedicellata Ledeb, Convolvulaceae Clover dodder/ Loot booti (Saraiki)
Akash-bail/Amar-bail (Urdu)
Stem stomachache, to cure wounds, cuts, used as purgative, anti-inflammatory and to treat high blood pressure Oral, Topical 17
3 Melilotus indicus L., Fabaceae Yellow melilot (English) Sweet clover/ Sinjee Leaves To cure inflammations and skin irritation, astringent, anticoagulant, laxative Oral, Topical 29
4 Tribulus terresteris L., Zygophyllaceae Puncture clover/ Bhakra, Gokhru Leaves anti-inflammatory, lithotriptic, diuretic, general tonic   37
5 Tribulus terresteris   Fruit anti-inflammatory, effective in most of Gynecological and genitourinary disorders, Gonorrhoea and to treat abdominal distension Topical, Oral 33