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Table 2 Effects of oral administration of cadmium on levels of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), liver superoxide dismutase (liver SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) of rat fed synbiotic diets containing inulin, B. coagulans and L. plantarum at days 21 and 42 of treatments

From: Protective effects of synbiotic diets of Bacillus coagulans, Lactobacillus plantarum and inulin against acute cadmium toxicity in rats

Treatments GPX (U/g Hb) Blood SOD (U/g Hb) Liver SOD (U/g tissue) MDA (mmol/L)
Day21 Day42 Day21 Day42 Day21 Day42 Day21 Day42
Control 1178 ± 168aA 1122 ± 257aA 300.9 ± 2.8aA 301.8 ± 1.6aA 2.73 ± 0.03aA 2.89 ± 0.04aB 4.96 ± 0.09aA 4.99 ± 0.03aA
Cd 1402 ± 97aA 1122 ± 194aA 250.0 ± 1.6bA 254.2 ± 1.6bA 2.53 ± 0.03bA 2.55 ± 0.04bA 4.98 ± 0.06aA 5.00 ± 0.03aA
ILp + Cd 1234 ± 194aA 1009 ± 168aA 290.4 ± 4.8cA 290.5 ± 3.2acA 2.70 ± 0.03cA 2.74 ± 0.02cB 4.99 ± 0.05aA 4.97 ± 0.07aA
IBc + Cd 1290 ± 97aA 1066 ± 350aA 286.1 ± 2.7cA 287.0 ± 4.2cA 2.67 ± 0.06cA 2.69 ± 0.03cA 5.00 ± 0.02aA 4.98 ± 0.05aA
  1. Cd cadmium, ILp + Cd inulin, Lactobacillus plantarum and cadmium, IBc + Cd, inulin, Bacillus coagulans and cadmium. Values are expressed as mean ± SD. The different small letters indicate statistically significant differences in columns (P < 0.05). The different capital letters indicate statistically significant differences between days in each parameter (P < 0.05).