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Table 4 Effects of high fat diet and Syzygium cumini seed powder supplementation on various biochemical parameters in plasma and liver of diet induced obese rats

From: Supplementation of Syzygium cumini seed powder prevented obesity, glucose intolerance, hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress in high carbohydrate high fat diet induced obese rats

  Control Control + Syzygium cumini HCHF HCHF+ Syzygium cumini
Plasma
 AST(U/L) 27.28 ± 4.11a 27.28 ± .46a 55.99 ± 6.58b 30.15 ± 1.93a
 ALT(U/L) 30.15 ± 4.85a 25.84 ± 3.15a 50.24 ± 3.46b 44.50 ± 4.11a,c
 ALP(U/L) 59.94 ± 3.61a 50.92 ± 8.71a 102.19 ± 7.52b 72.22 ± 6.87a,c
 MDA(nmol/mL) 30.48 ± 2.64a 34.02 ± 3.77a 52.38 ± 2.13b 38.79 ± 3.04a
 NO(nmol/mL) 8.22 ± 3.71a 9.47 ± 1.07a 17.89 ± 3.25b 10.26 ± 0.87a
 APOP (nmol/mL) 272.78 ± 21.71a 294.21 ± 27.52a 546.59 ± 44.17b 336.67 ± 39.28a
 Catalase(U/min) 16.33 ± 3.0a 18.67 ± 2.11a 9.50 ± 0.99b 16.50 ± 1.36a
 GSH(μg/mg protein) 22.03 ± 2.17a 18.59 ± 0.78a 15.05 ± 0.62b 18.88 ± 0.58a
 SOD (U/L) 40.91 ± 3.55a 38.19 ± 4.94a 17.01 ± 3.05b 27.31 ± 3.87a,c
 Cholesterol (mg/dL) 166.96 ± 4.70a 155.18 ± 8.31a 313.80 ± 22.52b 233.69 ± 13.70a,c
 Triglycerides (mg/dL) 201.48 ± 8.06a 196.75 ± 8.31a 316.89 ± 22.31b 219.93 ± 7.92a
 LDL (mg/dL) 35.04 ± 1.83a 39.24 ± 2.70a 42.96 ± 1.66a 45.6 ± 2.72a
 HDL (mg/dL) 79.83 ± 9.23a 88.06 ± 6.40 a 229.27 ± 20.74b 145.51 ± 13.72a
 Insulin (ng/mL) 0.69 ± 0.08a 1.11 ± 0.40 a 1.85 ± 0.35b 0.82 ± 0.28a
Liver
 MDA(nmol/g tissue) 93.51 ± 4.60a 102.23 ± 5.91a 143.0 ± 9.38b 105.82 ± 8.71a
 NO(nmol/ g tissue) 27.43 ± 2.67a 22.66 ± 2.83a 119.96 ± 19.21b 27.19 ± 2.45a
 APOP (nmol/g tissue) 726.51 ± 116.48a 701.11 ± 43.15a 1469.37 ± 132.07b 709.84 ± 75.55a
 Catalase (U/min/g tissue) 16.33 ± 3.0a 18.67 ± 2.11a 9.50 ± 0.99b 16.0 ± 1.36a
 GSH (μg/mg protien) 28.18 ± 3.44a 18.85 ± 1.49a 11.20 ± 0.42b 19.74 ± 3.65a
 MPO (U/ g tissue) 0.31 ± 0.05a 0.42 ± 0.04a 1.23 ± 0.12b 0.87 ± 0.16a
 SOD (U/g tissue) 38.40 ± 6.74a 44.67 ± 5.53a 15.09 ± 1.80b 28.50 ± 2.35a
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SEM. n = 7. One way ANOVA followed by Newman-Keuls post hoc test were done for statistical comparison. Values are considered significance at p < 0.05. a vs b, control vs HCHF and b vs c, HCHF vs HCHF+ Syzygium cumini