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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of the participants

From: Hemodynamic changes caused by acupuncture in healthy volunteers: a prospective, single-arm exploratory clinical study

Characteristics Value (Total number = 25)
Sex (n, %)
 Female 13 (52.0)
 Male 12 (48.0)
Smoking (n, %)
 None 2 (8.0)
 Former smoker 23 (92.0)
Caffeine (n, %)
 None 12 (48.0)
 Former user 1 (4.0)
 Current user 12 (48.0)
Alcohol (n, %)
 None 15 (60.0)
 Former consumer 1 (4.0)
 Current consumer 9 (36.0)
Level of physical activity (n, %)a
 Low 15 (60.0)
 Moderate 1 (4.0)
 High 9 (36.0)
Experience of Acupuncture (n, %)
 No 6 (24.0)
 Yes 19 (76.0)
Age (mean, SD) 23.3 (2.4)
Height (mean, SD) 168.0 (8.9)
Weight (mean, SD) 61.7 (11.3)
BMI (mean, SD) 21.7 (2.5)
Systolic BP (mean, SD) 111.6 (10.3)
Diastolic BP (mean, SD) 73.6 (5.6)
Pulse (mean, SD) 74.8 (5.6)
Body temperature (mean, SD) 36.3 (0.2)
Expectation for acupuncture (mean, SD)b 6.5 (0.8)
Acupuncture-sensational score (mean, SD)c 1.5 (1.6)
  1. aPhysical activity level was assessed through the global physical activity questionnaire
  2. bExpectation for acupuncture was assessed through the credibility/expectancy questionnaire
  3. cAcupuncture sensation was assessed through the acupuncture sensation questionnaire