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Table 2 Mean zone of inhibition produced by herbal extract when used in combinations against S. aureus and C. albicans

From: Detection of antibacterial activities of Miswak, Kalonji and Aloe vera against oral pathogens & anti-proliferative activity against cancer cell line

Combination S. aureus C. albicans P value
PM+EM 52 mm ± 0.7 61.5 mm ± 0.7 S*
PM+WM 46 mm ± 0 55 mm ± 0.7 S*
EM+WM 0 m 0 mm NS
PK+EK 9 mm ± 0 8 mm ± 0 NS
WK+PK 8 mm ± 0.7 10 mm ± 0.7 NS
EK+WK 8 mm ± 0 7 mm ± 0 NS
PA+EA 7 mm ± 0 11 mm ± 0.7 NS
WA+PA 0 mm 8 mm ± 0 NS
EA+WA 0 mm 7 mm ± 0 NS
PM+PK 50 mm ± 1.4 66.5 mm ± 0.7 S*
PK+PA 10 mm ± 0.7 0 mm NS
PA+PM 52 mm ± 0.7 65.5 mm ± 0.7 S*
EM+EK 0 mm 9 mm ± 0 NS
EK+EA 11 mm± 0.7 12 mm ± 0 NS
EA+EM 7 mm ± 0 10 mm ± 0 NS
WM+WK 0 mm 10 mm ± 0.7 NS
WK+WA 0 mm 11.5 mm ± 0.7 NS
WA+WM 0 mm 9.5 mm ± 0.7 NS
DMSO Negative control 0 mm 0 mm
Ciprofloxacin Positive control 26 mm ± 0 NA
Nystatin Positive Control NA 17 mm ± 0
  1. Petroleum ether Miswak + Ethanol Miswak(PM+EM), Petroleum ether Miswak + Water Miswak (PM+EM), Ethanol Miswak + Water Miswak (EM+WM), Petroleum ether Kalonji + Ethanol Kalonji (PK+EK), Water Kalonji+ Petroleum ether Kalonji (WK+PK), Ethanol Kalonji + Water Kalonji (EK+WK), Petroleum ether Aloe vera + Ethanol Aloe vera (PA+EA), Water Aloe vera + Petroleum ether Aloe vera (WA+PA), Ethanol Aloe vera + Water Aloe vera (EA+WA), Petroleum ether Miswak + Petroleum ether Kalonji (PM+PK), Petroleum ether Kalonji + Petroleum ether Aloe vera (PK+PA), Petroleum ether Aloe vera + Petroleum ether Miswak (PA+PM), Ethanol Miswak + Ethanol Kalonji (EM+EK), Ethanol Kalonji + Ethanol Aloe vera (EK+EA), Ethanol Aloe vera + Ethanol Miswak (EA+EM), Water Miswak + Water Kalonji (WM+WK), Water Kalonji + Water Aloe vera (WK+WA), Water Aloe vera + Water Miswak (WA+WM). NA: not applicable, S: Significant and NS: Non-significant
  2. S* :Significant