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Table 4 Serum fatty acid composition (percentage of total identified fatty acids) of the experimental groups1

From: Changes in pancreatic histology, insulin secretion and oxidative status in diabetic rats following treatment with Ficus deltoidea and vitexin

Fatty acids composition (%) Groups
NC DC DMET DFD DV
Saturated fatty acid (SFA)
 Myristic acid (C14:0) 2.51 ± 1.78 2.50 ± 2.31 0.68 ± 0.69 2.52 ± 1.15 2.19 ± 1.57
 Palmitic acid (C16:0) 18.16 ± 3.03 21.84 ± 2.21 21.63 ± 1.34 21.49 ± 1.95 17.47 ± 4.61
 Stearic acid (C18:0) 15.67 ± 2.84 10.61 ± 2.93 8.58 ± 1.02 10.03 ± 3.25 16.00 ± 8.55
 total SFA 36.34 ± 1.92 34.95 ± 2.44 30.88 ± 2.61 34.03 ± 1.42 35.67 ± 11.90
Monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA)
 Palmitoleic acid (C16:1n7) 2.04 ± 1.33 1.69 ± 1.00 1.88 ± 2.13 1.21 ± 0.78 2.13 ± 1.98
 Oleic acid (C18:1n9) 13.34 ± 3.16 16.56 ± 0.96 20.31 ± 0.11 14.90 ± 5.47 14.84 ± 8.73
 total MUFA 15.38 ± 2.64 18.26 ± 1.24 22.19 ± 2.04 16.11 ± 4.69 16.97 ± 7.20
n-6 PUFA
 Linoleic acid (C18:2n6) 16.61 ± 2.51 24.96 ± 2.19 30.26 ± 4.87 23.77 ± 4.64 12.92 ± 8.73
 γ-Linolenic acid (C18:3n6) 2.34 ± 0.78 1.72 ± 1.51 0.00 ± 0.00 1.51 ± 1.03 2.00 ± 1.38
 Arachidonic acid (C20:4n6) 14.01 ± 4.27 13.30 ± 3.89 9.39 ± 2.42 12.91 ± 2.52 14.78 ± 6.72
 total n-6 PUFA 32.95 ± 2.36 39.98 ± 3.01 39.65 ± 6.85 38.19 ± 3.27 29.69 ± 15.30
n-3 PUFA
 α- Linolenic acid (C18:3n3) 3.51 ± 0.10 1.62 ± 0 .96 2.32 ± 0.87 4.77 ± 3.88 2.57 ± 1.31
 Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n3) 5.71 ± 1.82 0.79 ± 1.09 1.37 ± 1.26 2.36 ± 1.12 3.57 ± 4.28
 Docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5n3) 3.77 ± 2.25 1.78 ± 0.580 1.23 ± 0.76 1.95 ± 0.91 5.11 ± 3.20
 Docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6n3) 2.33 ± 0.83a 2.62 ± 1.87a 2.35 ± 1.87a 2.59 ± 0.75a 6.40 ± 0.60b
 total n-3 PUFA 15.33 ± 2.97b 6.81 ± 0.20a 7.28 ± 3.26a 11.67 ± 2.79ab 17.66 ± 6.84b
 n-6: n-3 2.20 ± 0.40a 5.86 ± 0.27bc 6.36 ± 3.03c 3.41 ± 0.95ab 1.88 ± 1.28a
  1. Values are mean ± 1SD at n = 3. Different superscripts a,b,c, in a column differed significantly at p < 0.05. 1The data are expressed as the percentage of total identified fatty acids