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Table 3 Frequency of the use of different types of CAM by kidney patients

From: Use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis in Trinidad: A descriptive study

   Use pattern, n (%)
CAM   Used in past Used presently Will use in the future
Herbs
  Evening primrose (Oenothera) oil 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum) 4 (21.1) 6 (31.6) 5 (26.3)
Ginger (Zingiber officinale roscoe) 13 (68.4) 12 (63.2) 13 (68.4)
Ginseng (Panax) 6 (31.6) 7 (36.8) 7 (36.8)
Medicinal tea 15 (78.9) 14 (73.7) 14 (73.7)
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) 6 (31.6) 4 (21.1) 4 (21.1)
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) 3 (15.8) 3 (15.8) 3 (15.8)
Garlic (Allium sativum) 14 (73.7) 11 (57.9) 10 (52.6)
Aloe vera 3 (15.8) 2 (10.5) 2 (10.5)
Biologically based therapies
  Potassium 4 (21.1) 11 (57.9) 10 (52.6)
Calcium 11 (57.9) 12 (63.2) 14 (73.7
Vitamin B complex 18 (94.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Vitamin A 6 (31.6) 6 (31.6) 9 (47.4)
Vitamin D 4 (21.1) 3 (15.8) 6 (31.6)
Vitamin E 4 (21.1) 3 (15.8) 6 (31.6)
Zinc 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (5.3)
Omega 3 6 (31.6) 3 (15.8) 5 (26.3)
Sure Cure products 1 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Folic acid 8 (42.1) 14 (73.7) 13 (68.4)
Omega XL 4 (21.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Special diet/supplements 2 (10.5) 15 (78.9) 15 (78.9)
COQ 10 3 (15.8) 1 (5.3) 2 (10.5)
Alternative systems
  Chinese herbal medicine 7 (36.8) 6 (31.6) 6 (31.6)
Indian/Ayurvedicmedicine Nil Nil Nil
Acupuncture Nil Nil Nil
Homeopathy Nil Nil Nil
Other
(e.g. spiritual therapy/mind-body systems, physical therapy/body manipulations, energy therapies, other indigenous/local therapies)
  Nil Nil Nil
  1. CAM complementary and alternative medicine; COQ 10 coenzyme Q 10