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Fig. 1 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 1

From: Hydro-ethanolic leaf extract of Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst Ex A. Rich (Rhamnaceae) exhibits anti-nociceptive effects in murine models

Fig. 1

Effects of EthE (30 – 300 mg/kg, p.o.) and Diclofenac (10 – 100 mg/kg, i.p.) on the time-course curves (a and c) and the total nociceptive score (calculated as AUCs) (b and d) in acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice. Each data represents the mean of 5 animals and the error bars indicate S.E.M. The symbols * and † indicate significance levels compared to respective controls: ***P < 0.001 and **P < 0.01 (two – way ANOVA with Bonferroni’s post hoc). ††† P < 0.001 (one-way ANOVA with Newman Keuls’ post hoc)

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