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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Effect of a 16-week Bikram yoga program on heart rate variability and associated cardiovascular disease risk factors in stressed and sedentary adults: A randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Total cohort
(n = 63)
Yoga group
(n = 29)
Control group
(n = 34)
Age (y) 37.2 ± 10.8 38.2 ± 10.1 36.3 ± 11.4
Women (n; %) 50; 79% 23; 79% 27; 79%
Body weight (kg) 88.5 ± 21.0 86.4 ± 21.2 90.4 ± 21.0
Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) 30.5 ± 6.2 29.9 ± 6.2 30.9 ± 6.3
Obese (BMI 30+) (n; %) 27; 43% 11; 38% 16; 47%
Waist circumference (cm) 94.7 ± 14.7 93.9 ± 14.5 95.3 ± 15.1
Stress score (DASS-21) 23.8 ± 6.0 23.3 ± 6.0 24.3 ± 6.1
Current smoker or quit in last 6 months (n; %) 3; 5% 1; 3% 2; 6%
  1. Continuous data presented as mean ± standard deviation
  2. Abbreviations: DASS Depression-Anxiety-Stress-Scale (stress categories: 15-18 = mild, 19-25 = moderate, 26-33 = severe, 34+ = extremely severe)