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Table 3 Dietary intake of energy, macro and micronutrients in study groups before and after treatment

From: The effects of Spirulina Platensis on anthropometric indices, appetite, lipid profile and serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in obese individuals: a randomized double blinded placebo controlled trial

Variable Spirulina platensis
(Mean ± SD)
Placebo
(Mean ± SD)
P†
Energy (kcal) Before
After
P
2289.51 ± 436.48
2289.96 ± 361.78
0.99
2305.71 ± 298.84
2266.47 ± 347.24
0.40
0.418
Protein (gr) Before
After
P
103.8 ± 25.58
110.5 ± 26.19
0.06
110.24 ± 31.9
113.14 ± 24.8
0.62
0.70
Carbohydrate (gr) Before
After
P
303.67 ± 105.27
299.34 ± 81.63
0.73
302.3 ± 79.58
304.13 ± 61.48
0.9
0.80
Fat (gr) Before
After
P
73.67 ± 28.54
70.54 ± 20.03
0.4
67.49 ± 24.61
68.77 ± 21.48
0.79
0.75
Protein (%) Before
After
P
18.20 ± 4.10
18.72 ± 5.58
0.5
19.59 ± 5.92
19.25 ± 3.85
0.79
0.68
Carbohydrate (%) Before
After
P
50.37 ± 12.37
51.96 ± 8.55
0.54
54.48 ± 9.54
53.07 ± 6.75
0.54
0.59
Fat (%) Before
After
P
27.95 ± 8.57
29.1 ± 6.78
0.36
25.92 ± 7.42
28.92 ± 10.66
0.18
0.94
Vitamin E(mg) Before
After
P
9.75 ± 8.34
11.02 ± 11.58
0.316
8.00 ± 9.2
10.23 ± 10.27
0.21
0.14
Vitamin C(mg) Before
After
P
81.23 ± 39.94
93.05 ± 33.43
0.12
74.36 ± 43.35
67.92 ± 33.31
0.41
0.007
Selenium(mg) Before
After
P
0.1 ± 0.05
0.14 ± 0.18
0.25
0.12 ± 0.17
0.08 ± 0.04
0.33
0.1
  1. P values for paired t-test;†P values based on ANCOVA after adjustment for age, gender, physical activity, and variable’s baseline value. The statistically significant values are presented as italic digits