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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the study

From: Effects of cold sensitivity in the extremities on circulating adiponectin levels and metabolic syndrome in women

   Cold sensation in hands and feet   
Characteristics All non-CHHF Intermediate CHHF P value
Men
 N 372 122 173 77  
 Age (years) 48.9 (14.9) 49.7 (13.3) 48.8 (15.4) 47.6 (16.3) 0.774
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 (3.46) 25.1 (3.08) 24.0 (3.24) 22.8 (4.01) 1.07 × 10-7
 Waist circumference (cm) 87.3 (9.25) 90.4 (8.29) 87.2 (9.41) 82.8 (8.49) 1.31 × 10-7
 Waist-to-hip ratio 0.933 (0.0618) 0.950 (0.0518) 0.933 (0.0627) 0.906 (0.0656) 1.31 × 10-5
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 124 (13.9) 123 (12.6) 123 (12.6) 124 (18.1) 0.992
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.8 (10.4) 81.4 (10.3) 79.4 (9.16) 78.1 (12.8) 0.100
 Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL) 104 (32.4) 104 (34.1) 104 (31.9) 101 (31.0) 0.254
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 147 (89.2) 151 (75.2) 145 (97.9) 144 (90.0) 0.109
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 42.4 (10.5) 41.0 (10.0) 42.6 (10.9) 44.0 (10.1) 0.0727
Women
 N 649 130 229 290  
 Age (years) 47.9 (15.8) 52.8 (16.4) 47.7 (16.1) 45.7 (14.7) 1.74 × 10-4
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.1 (3.34) 24.5 (3.73) 23.6 (3.24) 22.0 (2.85) 2.07 × 10-14
 Waist circumference (cm) 82.3 (9.93) 86.5 (10.2) 83.7 (9.39) 79.2 (9.27) 2.62 × 10-13
 Waist-to-hip ratio 0.890 (0.0698) 0.917 (0.0686) 0.899 (0.0642) 0.870 (0.0693) 3.24 × 10-10
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 119 (14.9) 123 (14.3) 120 (15.0) 115 (14.3) 1.12 × 10-8
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 76.1 (11.0) 79.7 (10.6) 77.2 (11.0) 73.6 (10.6) 2.51 × 10-8
 Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL) 97.0 (23.7) 102 (34.7) 97.1 (22.9) 94.7 (17.0) 0.133
 Triglyceride (mg/dL) 116 (75.3) 142 (91.9) 123 (74.8) 99.0 (62.3) 5.76 × 10-8
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 49.5 (11.9) 47.2 (12.2) 48.9 (11.3) 50.9 (12.1) 1.39 × 10-3
  1. Values are presented as means (standard deviations)
  2. Non-CHHF (cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet): people feel that both hands and feet are warm
  3. Intermediate: people feel that hands and/or feet are neutral
  4. CHHF: people feel that both hands and feet are cold
  5. P value: Kruskal-Wallis test