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Table 4 The use patterns of the top 10 single Chinese herbs and Chinese herbal formula prescribed before and after HCC diagnosis according to the code of ICD-9-CM (n = 73,918)

From: Prescription frequency and patterns of Chinese herbal medicine for liver cancer patients in Taiwan: a cross-sectional analysis of the National Health Insurance Research Database

  Frequency of CHM use (every visit)
2 years before HCC diagnosis 2 years after HCC diagnosis
Rating n. Main ICD diagnosis Rating n. Main ICD diagnosis
Single Chinese herbs Generic name (Chinese name)
 Salvia miltiorrhiza (Dan-Shen) 1 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 2 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Corydalis yanhusuo (Yanhusuo) 2 Gastritis/duodenitis (535) 3 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Oldenlandia diffusa (Bai-Hua-She-She-Cao) 3 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 1 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Scutellaria baicalensis (Huang-Qin) 4 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 4 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Fritillaria (Beimu) 5 Respiratory symptoms (786) 7 Respiratory symptoms (786)
 Artemisia capillaris (Yin-Chen-Hao) 6 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 5 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571)
 Astragalus membranaceus (Huang-Qi) 7 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 8 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Puerariae Radix 8 Acute nasopharyngitis (460) 13 General symptoms (780)
 Polygonum multiflorum Thunb 9 General symptoms (780) 15 General symptoms (780)
 Radix et Rhizoma Rhei (Da Huan) 10 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 6 Primary liver cancer (155)
Chinese herbal formula (Chinese name)
 Jia-Wei-Xia-Yao-San 1 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 1 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571)
 Xiao-Chai-Hu-Tang 2 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 2 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Long-Dan-Xie-Gan-Tang 3 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 4 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571)
 Shu-Jing-Hwo-Shiee-Tang 4 Back disorders (724) 6 Back disorders (724)
 Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi-Tang 5 Stomach dysfunction (536) 3 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Gan-Lu-Yin 6 Oral soft tissue disease (528) 7 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Ping-Wei-San 7 Gastritis/duodenitis (535) 5 Primary liver cancer (155)
 Chuan-Chung-Cha-Tiao-San 8 Acute nasopharyngitis (460) 12 Acute nasopharyngitis (460)
 Sho-Yao-Gan-Cao-Tang 9 Back disorders (724) 10 Back disorders (724)
 Shiee-Fuu-Jwu-Iu-Tang 10 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571) 14 CLD*/cirrhosis (573; 571)
  1. CLD* Chronic liver disease