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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: A comparative study on the effects of systemic manual acupuncture, periauricular electroacupuncture, and digital electroacupuncture to treat tinnitus: A randomized, paralleled, open-labeled exploratory trial

Characteristics MA (n = 12) PE (n = 14) DE (n = 13) p-value
Sex (male: female) 6:6 12:2 10:3 0.132
Exposure to noise 2 (16.6%) 1 (7.1%) 3 (23%) 0.561
Sleeping disorder 2 (16.6%) 3 (21.4%) 5 (38.5%) 0.431
Tinnitus side (R:L:B) 1:2:9 3:3:8 2:2:9 0.422
Age (y) 49.33 ± 15.57 54.57 ± 14.27 53.92 ± 13.21 0.613
Duration (y) 7.13 ± 7.85 9.56 ± 11.55 5.67 ± 6.40 0.529
PTA 27.80 ± 23.08 24.77 ± 21.75 16.31 ± 11.94 0.141
SD 84.00 ± 28.98 88.91 ± 12.82 91.27 ± 7.57 0.432
  1. MA systemic manual acupuncture group, PE periauricular electroacupuncture group, DE distal electroacupuncture group, PTA pure tone average, SD speech discrimination. Discrete variables are expressed numbers (%) and analyzed with the chi-square test. Continuous variables are expressed as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. P-values < 0.05 were considered significant