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Table 4 Effects of probiotics on inflammatory markers and hormone levels in HFSD-fed rats

From: Probiotic mixture improves fatty liver disease by virtue of its action on lipid profiles, leptin, and inflammatory biomarkers

  Normal HFSD HFSD + probiotics
Leptin (pg/mL) 1525.2 ± 166.41a 2525.29 ± 153.7b 2105.0 ± 59.6c
Resistin (ng/mL) 2.75 ± 0.55a 5.71 ± 0.32b 3.09 ± 0.52a
IL6 (pg/mL) 0.095 ± 0.01a 0.270 ± 0.02b 0. 21 ± 0.016c
TNFα (pg/mL) 0.0089 ± 0.004a 0.04 ± 0.002b 0.012 ± 0.003c
  1. Values represented as means and standard errors, the different superscript letters mean a significant difference at P > 0.05