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Table 3 The reporting number and percentage for each item of the STRICTA checklist of the included 70 studies

From: The quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials of electroacupuncture for stroke

Item Detail Total N = 70 Chinese N = 54 English N = 16 Chinese vs. English (P-value for difference)
n %(n /70) 95% CI n %(n /54) 95% CI n %(n /16) 95% CI
1. Acupuncturerationale (Explanations and examples) 1a) Style of acupuncture (e.g. Traditional Chinese Medicine, Japanese, Korean, Western medical, Five Element, ear acupuncture, etc.) 64 91 [82 to 97] 50 93 [82 to 98] 14 88 [62 to 98] 0.530
1b) Reasoning for treatment provided, based on historical context, literature sources, and/or consensus methods, with references where appropriate 60 86 [75 to 93] 50 93 [82 to 98] 10 63 [35 to 85] 0.033
1c) Extent to which treatment was varied 0 0 [0 to 5] 0 0 [0 to 7] 0 0 [0 to 21] _
2. Details of needling (Explanations and examples) 2a) Number of needle insertions per subject per session (mean and range where relevant) 25 36 [25 to 48] 18 33 [21 to 47] 7 44 [20 to 70] 0.452
2b) Names (or location if no standard name) of points used (uni/bilateral) 68 97 [9 to 10] 52 96 [87 to 100] 16 100 [79 to 100] 0.442
2c) Depth of insertion, based on a specified unit of measurement, or on a particular tissue level 20 29 [18 to 41] 18 33 [21 to 47] 2 12 [2 to 38] 0.060
2d) Response sought (e.g. de qi or muscle twitch response) 46 66 [53 to 77] 39 72 [58 to 84] 7 44 [20 to 70] 0.035
2e) Needle stimulation (e.g. manual, electrical) 70 100 [95 to 100] 54 100 [93 to 100] 16 100 [79 to 100] _
2f) Needle retention time 40 57 [45 to 69] 32 59 [45 to 72] 8 50 [25 to 75] 0.518
2g) Needle type (diameter, length, and manufacturer or material) 46 66 [53 to 77] 38 70 [56 to 82] 8 50 [25 to 75] 0.222
3. Treatmentregimen (Explanations and examples) 3a) Number of treatment sessions 48 69 [56 to 79] 38 70 [56 to 82] 10 63 [35 to 85] 0.558
3b) Frequency and duration of treatment sessions 70 100 [95 to 100] 54 100 [93 to 100] 16 100 [79 to 100] _
4. Othercomponents of treatment (Explanations and examples) 4a) Details of other interventions administered to the acupuncture group (e.g. moxibustion, cupping, herbs, exercises, lifestyle advice) 60 86 [75 to 93] 49 91 [80 to 97] 11 69 [41 to 89] 0.098
4b) Setting and context of treatment, including instructions to practitioners, and information and explanations to patients 9 13 [6 to 23] 4 7 [2 to 18] 5 31 [11 to 59] 0.073
5. Practitioner background (Explanations and examples) 5) Description of participating acupuncturists (qualification or professional affiliation, years in acupuncture practice, other relevant experience) 11 16 [8 to 26] 3 6 [1 to 15] 8 50 [25 to 75] 0.004
6. Control or comparator interventions (Explanations and examples) 6a) Rationale for the control or comparator in the context of the research question, with sources that justify this choice 7 10 [4 to 20] 4 7 [2 to 18] 3 19 [4 to 46] 0.302
6b) Precise description of the control or comparator. If sham acupuncture or any other type of acupuncture-like control is used, provide details as for Items 1 to 3 above. 65 93 [84 to 98] 52 96 [87 to 100] 13 81 [54 to 96] 0.166
Total mean scorea   10.1 ± 1.9 10.3 ± 1.8 9.6 ± 2.1 0.235
  1. aMean ± SD