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Table 4 Antifungal activity of P. hydropiper extracts against fungal strains in disc diffusion assay

From: Chemical profiling, antimicrobial and insecticidal evaluations of Polygonum hydropiper L

Samples/Fractions Fungal strains (DIZ in mm n = 3 SEM)
Conc. μg/ml Aspergillus fumigatus Aspergillus flavus Aspergillus niger Fusarium oxysporum
Crude (Ph.Cr) 125 6.33 ± 0.33 9.00 ± 1.15 5.00 ± 0.00 9.66 ± 1.76
250 10.00 ± 0.57 16.00 ± 0.57 8.50 ± 1.00 13.33 ± 0.88
500 16.00 ± 0.00 20.33 ± 0.88 12.00 ± 0.57 18.00 ± 0.00
n-Hexane (Ph.Hex) 125 6.66 ± 0.66 8.00 ± 0.57 8.00 ± 1.15 4.00 ± 0.50
250 9.33 ± 0.88 11.00 ± 1.15 11.33 ± 0.88 7.30 ± 1.50
500 11.00 ± 1.15 16.33 ± 0.33 16.00 ± 1.00 10.00 ± 1.00
Ethyl acetate (Ph.EtAc) 125 14.00 ± 0.57 7.00 ± 1.15 13.66 ± 0.66 6.33 ± 1.45
250 16.00 ± 0.33 9.33 ± 0.88 17.33 ± 2.02 9.00 ± 1.15
500 21.33 ± 0.88 17.00 ± 0.00 19.66 ± 1.76 15.00 ± 0.00
Butanol (Ph.Bt) 125 13.00 ± 0.50 9.00 ± 0.50 15.00 ± 0.00 12.33 ± 0.66
250 18.00 ± 1.70 14.00 ± 1.73 21.66 ± 1.45 18. 00 ± 0.50
500 22.33 ± 1.45 17.33 ± 1.45 26.00 ± 2.30 26.00 ± 1.73
Chloroform (Ph.Chf) 125 13.00 ± 1.15 13.00 ± 1.15 14.33 ± 0.88 9.33 ± 2.02
250 20.33 ± 0.88 17.00 ± 2.30 19.00 ± 1.45 13.00 ± 0.57
500 26.00 ± 1.73 22.66 ± 1.20 23.00 ± 1.15 16.00 ± 2.30
Aqueous (Ph.Aq) 125 10.33 ± 0.88 15.00 ± 1.15 12.00 ± 00 12.30 ± 0.33
250 13.00 ± 1.15 18.00 ± 1.73 17.00 ± 1.45 17.00 ± 1.73
500 17.00 ± 2.30 24.33 ± 1.45 21.00 ± 0.57 28.66 ± 0.88
Saponins (Ph.Sp) 125 8.33 ± 0.88 11.00 ± 0.00 7.00 ± 0.00 9.00 ± 2.30
250 11.66 ± 0.66 16.00 ± 0.50 12.33 ± 1.20 12.66 ± 1.20
500 16.00 ± 0.57 18.33 ± 1.15 15.00 ± 1.15 15.00 ± 0.00
Positive Control 125 19.33 ± 0.88 23.66 ± 1.76 17.00 ± 2.88 22.66 ± 1.20
250 26.00 ± 1.15 30.66 ± 2.33 22.00 ± 2.00 28.66 ± 2.60
500 33.00 ± 0.57 36.00 ± 1.73 29.00 ± 1.15 35.33 ± 2.02
N. Control ---- ----- ---- ---- ----
  1. Positive Control: Amphotericin-B. Results are expressed as diameter of inhibitory zone (DIZ). Each value represent Mean ± SEM of three independent experimental readings