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Table 3 Results of liver, kidney function tests and levels of protein and glucose in the serum of experimental groups

From: Studies on the therapeutic effect of propolis along with standard antibacterial drug in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infected BALB/c mice

Group ALT
(IU/L)
AST
(IU/L)
ALP
(KA units)
Bilirubin
(mg/dL)
Urea
(mg/dL)
BUN
(mg/dL)
Uric Acid
(mg/dL)
Creatinine
(mg/dL)
T. Protein
(g/dL)
Glucose
(mg/dL)
Normal 21.4 ± 0.87 25.97 ± 1.04 8.57 ± 0.73 0.85 ± 0.12 43.26 ± 0.9 19.89 ± 0.41 3.03 ± 0.2 0.38 ± 0.056 6.93 ± 0.23 133.33 ± 6.67
Infected 140.57 ± 1.27$ 94.03 ± 3.5$ 28.33 ± 1.52$ 2.2 ± 0.17$ 82.76 ± 5.68$ 38.07 ± 2.6$ 6.26 ± 0.25$ 0.78 ± 0.02$ 5.2 ± 0.4$ 108.33 ± 3.85$
OC 19.76 ± 0.60 25.5 ± 1.44 8.66 ± 0.57 0.72 ± 0.035 44.5 ± 1.80 20.47 ± 0.82 4.93 ± 0.11 0.34 ± 0.02 6.95 ± 0.23 135.56 ± 3.85
OP 35.43 ± 4.9 19.66 ± 0.57 7.66 ± 0.5 0.74 ± 0.04 43.86 ± 1.62 20.49 ± 0.88 3 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.02 6.533 ± 0.23 135.55 ± 3.85
C 23.3 ± 2.23# 26.44 ± 3.23# 8.77 ± 0.36# 0.66 ± 0.06# 43.86 ± 1.62# 20.49 ± 0.88# 3 ± 0.1# 0.34 ± 0.01# 6.76 ± 0.05# 135.55 ± 3.85#
P 51.46 ± 3.1# 35.43 ± 4.9# 15.2 ± 2.85# 0.7 ± 0.04# 52.7 ± 2.94# 24.23 ± 1.35# 4.24 ± 0.41# 0.41 ± 0.02# 7.06 ± 0.23# 131.1 ± 3.85#
CP1 22.33 ± 0.57#^ 27.33 ± 3.05# 8.72 ± 0.42# 0.66 ± 0.06# 44.5 ± 1.8# 20.47 ± 0.82# 3.03 ± 0.05# 0.3 ± 0.01# 6.77 ± 0.04# 137.77 ± 3.85#
CP2 23.3 ± 2.23#^ 33.32 ± 2.88 # 10.33 ± 2.88# 0.66 ± 0.02*@ 43.96 ± 1.76#^ 20.22 ± 0.81#^ 3.16 ± 0.15#@ 0.39 ± 0.04# 7.06 ± 0.23# 133.11 ± 7#
CP3 88.57 ± 3.9#@^ 51.73 ± 2.82 #@^ 17.86 ± 1.76#@ 0.83 ± 0.03# 65.3 ± 4.65#@^ 30.03 ± 2.14#@^ 5.2 ± 0.43@ 0.69 ± 0.01*@^ 5.86 ± 0.46@^ 111.1 ± 3.85@^
CP4 139.67 ± 0.58@^ 93.1 ± 2.07@^ 27.33 ± 0.57@^ 2.1 ± 0.17@^ 79.66 ± 0.57@^ 36.64 ± 0.26@^ 5.9 ± 0.17@^ 0.71 ± 0.02@^ 5.06 ± 0.23@^ 108.88 ± 3.85@^
  1. Data is expressed as mean ± SD. (ANOVA: Tukey test)
  2. $p-value Normal vs Infected, OC, OP (p < 0.001: statistically very significant)
  3. *#p-value Infected vs C, P, CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4
  4. @p-value C vs P, CP1, CP2, CP3 and CP4
  5. ^p-value P vs C, CP1, CP2, CP3 and CP4
  6. (*@^p < 0.05: statistically significant), ($#p < 0.001: statistically very significant)