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Fig. 1 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 1

From: Dendropanax morbifera Léveille extract ameliorates cadmium-induced impairment in memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in rats

Fig. 1

Effect of treatment on exploration time and discrimination index of familiar vs. new objects in the novel-object recognition test in rats. *indicates a significant difference between the vehicle-treated and cadmium (Cd)-treated groups; # indicates a significant difference between the vehicle and Dendropanax morbifera Léveille stem extract (DMS) (or galantamine [GAL]) treatment groups; † indicates a significant difference between the familiar and new object (p < 0.05; n = 10 per group). The data are shown as mean ± SEM

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