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Table 5 Most common Chinese herbs and formula prescribed for patients with hepatitis C

From: Utilization and prescription patterns of traditional Chinese medicine for patients with hepatitis C in Taiwan: a population-based study

Prescription name (in Chinese) Ingredients Therapeutic action and Indication Number of person-days Average daily dose (g) Average duration for prescription (days)
Single herb
Dan-shen Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge H & E: Activate blood and resolve stasis
anti-fibrosis, antihepatocarcinoma, anti-diabetic, lipid-lowering
59252 2.5 10.1
Yan-hu-suo Corydalis yanhusuo H & E: Activate blood, promote flow of qi, and alleviate pain
Also used in peptic ulcer
41875 3 7.1
Huang-qin Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi H: Clear heat and drain fire
Anti-inflammation
35273 2.2 8.1
Yin-chen-hao Artemisia capillaris Thunb H: Excrete dampness and alleviate jaundice
Anti-fibrosis
33357 2.4 10.1
Da-huang Rheum officinale Baill E: Clear heat and drain fire
Anti-tumor
32110 1.1 7.9
Huang-qi Astragalus membranaceus H&E: Qi-tonifying/ restore energy
Anti-cancer
30086 2.1 8.8
Bei-mu Fritillariae thunbergii Bulbus E: Clear heat and resolve phlegm
Also used in peptic ulcer and asthma
29404 2.7 7.1
Ge-gen Pueraria thomsonii Benth E: Release exterior and cure heat
Also used in ischemic heart disease
29143 2 7.4
Ye-jiao-teng Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. E: Nourish heart and induce tranquilization
Also used in menopausal syndrome
28559 3.3 8.7
Hai-piao-xiao Sepiella maindronide Rochebrune E: Restrain acidity and alleviate pain 27940 2.5 8.4
Formulae   Also used in peptic ulcer    
Jia-wei-xiao-yao-san Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. Angelica sinensis, Atractylodes macrocephala, Bupleurum chinense, Gardenia jasminoides, Mentha haplocalyx, Paeonia lactiflora, Paeonia suffruticosa, Poria cocos, Zingiber officinale H & E: Harmonize liver and release spleen;
Also used in thyroid disorders
88124 7.5 9.3
Xiao-chai-hu-tang Bupleurum chinense, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino, Panax ginseng C.A. Mey, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Zingiber officinale, Zizyphus jujuba H: Regulate exterior and interior Qi activity by balancing between yin and yang;
Antihepatocarcinoma
39837 6.7 7.9
Long-dan-xie-gan-tang Gentiana scabra Bge, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, Alisma orientalis, Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne., Plantago asiatica L., Angelica sinensis, Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaert.) Libosch., Bupleurum chinense, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. H: Purge fire in the liver and gallbladder, clear away damp-heat in the lower burner;
Antiinflammation
36293 11.3 7.9
Shu-jing-huo-xue-tang Angelica sinensis, Paeonia lactiflora Pall, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaert.) Libosch, Atractylodes lancea, Achyranthes bidentata Blume, Citrus tangerina pericarpium, Citrus reticulata Blanco, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, Clematis chinensis Osbeck, Ligusticum striatum DC., Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, Notopterygium incisum, Angelica dahurica (Fisch. ex Hoffm.) Benth, Gentiana scabra Bge, Poria cocos, Zingiber officinale Rosc., E: Relax the channels and activate blood;
Also used in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
32646 10.3 6.9
Xiang-sha-liu-jun-zi-tang Aquilaria sinensis, Amomum villosum Lour, Citrus reticulata Blanco, Pinellia ternata (Thunb.), Panax ginseng C.A. Mey, Poria cocos, Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. E: Tonify and replenish qi
Also used in functional dyspepsia and post-surgery colon cancer patients
28381 7.1 8.3
Gan-lu-yin Rehmannia glutinosa, Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour., Dendrobium nobile Lindl., Artemisia capillaris Thunb, Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, Citrus aurantium L., Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, H& E: Clear heat and nourish yin;
Also used in Sicca syndrome
27563 6.1 7.6
Xue-fu-zhu-yu-tang Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels, Ligusticum chuanxiong hort, Paeonia anomala L., Prunus persica (L.), Batsch, Carthamus tinctorius L., Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaert.) Libosch, Citrus aurantium L., Bupleurum chinense DC., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC., Achyranthes bidentata Blume, E: Promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis
Also used in ischemic heart disease and hyperlipidemia.
27493 6.6 8.1
Du-huo-ji-sheng-tang Angelica pubescens Maxim, Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser, Eucommia ulmoides Oliver, Achyranthes bidentata Blume, Asarum heterotropoides F. Schmidt, Gentiana macrophylla Pall, Poria cocos, Cinnamomum cassia Presl, Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk, Ligusticum striatum DC., Panax ginseng C.A. Mey., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Angelica sinensis, Paeonia lactiflora Pall. E: Reinforce the liver and kidney and tonify qi and blood;
Also used in fracture, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
27388 11.1 8.2
Suan- zao-ren-tang Ligusticum striatum DC., Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Poria cocos, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge E: Nourish blood to tranquilize the mind;
Also used in insomnia and depression
26417 8 7.5
Ping-wei-san Citrus reticulata Blanco, Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.), Magnolia officinalis Rehd, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch E: Activate the flow of Qi and regulate the stomach
Also used in leukemia patients
26083 7.2 7.6
  1. Note: H hepatic action, E extrahepatic action
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