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Table 1 The effects of extracts on final body weight, absolute and relative reproductive organ weights

From: Comparative evaluation of the sexual functions and NF-κB and Nrf2 pathways of some aphrodisiac herbal extracts in male rats

Item Groups --P--
Control Sildenafil Mucuna pruriens Tribulus terrestris Ashwagandha
Final body weight, g 324.00 ± 24.84 316.57 ± 17.99 312.00 ± 29.73 307.71 ± 52.45 331.80 ± 28.31 >0.05
Testis, g 1.39 ± 0.07 1.35 ± 0.11 1.35 ± 0.09 1.36 ± 0.14 1.33 ± 0.08 >0.05
Whole epididymis, g 0.58 ± 0.05 0.61 ± 0.04 0.56 ± 0.05 0.58 ± 0.07 0.59 ± 0.04 >0.05
Right cauda epididymis, g 0.25 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.03 0.23 ± 0.05 0.23 ± 0.02 >0.05
Vas deferens, g 0.12 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.01 0.12 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.01 0.13 ± 0.01 >0.05
Seminal vesicles, g 1.16 ± 0.30 1.10 ± 0.25 1.09 ± 0.18 1.17 ± 0.24 1.39 ± 0.31 >0.05
Ventral prostate, g 0.43 ± 0.07 0.49 ± 0.07 0.41 ± 0.07 0.50 ± 0.17 0.48 ± 0.18 >0.05
Testis*, % 0.43 ± 0.04 0.43 ± 0.04 0.43 ± 0.05 0.45 ± 0.05 0.40 ± 0.03 >0.05
Whole epididymis*, % 0.18 ± 0.02 0.19 ± 0.02 0.18 ± 0.02 0.19 ± 0.02 0.18 ± 0.01 >0.05
Right cauda epididymis*, % 0.08 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.01 0.07 ± 0.004 >0.05
Vas deferens*, % 0.04 ± 0.005 0.04 ± 0.008 0.04 ± 0.003 0.04 ± 0.007 0.04 ± 0.004 >0.05
Seminal vesicles*, % 0.36 ± 0.09 0.35 ± 0.09 0.35 ± 0.05 0.38 ± 0.06 0.42 ± 0.9 >0.05
Ventral prostate*, % 0.13 ± 0.02 0.15 ± 0.02 0.13 ± 0.02 0.16 ± 0.04 0.14 ± 0.05 >0.05
  1. *Relative reproductive organ weights [organ weight (g) / final body weight (g) X 100]
  2. Control, no treatment; Sildenafil, rats treated with Sildenafil (5 mg/kg/d); Mucuna, rats treated with Mucuna pruriens (300 mg/kg bw); Tribulus; rats treated with Tribulus terrestris (300 mg/kg bw); Ashwagandha; rats treated with Ashwagandha (300 mg/kg bw). Data are LS means ± SE (n = 7). Different superscripts in the same row (a–c) indicate group mean differences (p < 0.05)