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Table 5 Preparation of frequently used pharmacopuncture solutions

From: Usage report of pharmacopuncture in musculoskeletal patients visiting Korean medicine hospitals and clinics in Korea

  Preparation methods
Shinbaro 1 Herbal extraction (Cibotium barometz, Saposhnikovia divaricata, Eucommia ulmoides, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, Ostericum koreanum, Angelica pubescens, Achyranthes japonica, Paeonia lactiflora) using reflux extraction with 70 % spiritus vinosus → progressive purification using alcohol immersion → freeze-drying → dilution → filtering → sterilization
Shinbaro 2 Herbal extraction (Cibotium barometz, Saposhnikovia divaricata, Eucommia ulmoides, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, Ostericum koreanum, Angelica pubescens, Achyranthes japonica, Paeonia albiflora, Scolopendra subspinipes) using reflux extraction with 70 % spiritus vinosus → progressive purification using alcohol immersion → freeze-drying → dilution → filtering → sterilization
Shinbaro 3 Herbal extraction (Harpagophytum procumbens) extraction using reflux extraction with 70 % spiritus vinosus → progressive purification using alcohol immersion → freeze-drying → dilution → filtering → sterilization
Bee venom Purification of dried bee venom → freeze-drying → dilution → filtering
Hwangryunhaedok (黃蓮解毒) Herbal distillation extraction (Coptis japonica, Scutellaria baicalensis, Phellodendron amurense, Gardenia jasminoides) → filtering → sterilization
Joongseongouhyul (中性瘀血) Herbal distillation extraction (Gardenia jasminoides, Commiphora molmol, Boswellia carterii, Corydalis ternate, Paeonia obovata, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Caesalpina sappan) → filtering → sterilization
Hominis placenta (紫河車) Hominis placenta extracts approved for herbal medicine preparation → filtering → sterilization
Muscle relaxation Herbal extraction (Paeonia lactiflora, Glycyrrhiza uralensis) using reflux extraction with 70 % spiritus vinosus → progressive purification using alcohol immersion → freeze-drying → dilution → filtering → sterilization