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Table 4 Characteristics of participants (N =30)

From: The effects of the court-type Thai traditional massage on anatomical relations, blood flow, and skin temperature of the neck, shoulder, and arm

Characteristics Mean ± SD
Gender
 Male 15
 Female 15
Age (mean ± SD, min, max) 21.9 ± 1.8, 19, 25
 Male 21.6 ± 1.6, 19, 25
 Female 22.6 ± 1.7, 21, 25
Weight (kg) 55.1 ± 7.9
Height (cm) 164.5 ± 7.8
BMI (kg/m2) 20.3 ± 1.6
Body temperature before test: axilla (°C)
 Blood flow test 36.7 ± 0.3
 Thermal test 36.7 ± 0.4
Pulse rate before test (BPM)
 Blood flow test 79.6 ± 7.2
 Thermal test 78.9 ± 7.1
Respiratory rate before test (BPM)
 Blood flow test 15.8 ± 0.8
 Thermal test 15.9 ± 1.1
Systolic blood pressure before test (mmHg)
 Blood flow test 107.5 ± 10.6
 Thermal test 109.0 ± 8.5
Diastolic blood pressure before test (mmHg)
 Blood flow test 70.3 ± 8.1
 Thermal test 71.2 ± 6.9