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Table 3 The influence of flavonoids of Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) Loud. pine needle on HepG2 tumor cell apoptosis \( \left({}_{\overline{x}}\pm s,n=3\right) \)

From: Extraction and purification of total flavonoids from pine needles of Cedrus deodara contribute to anti-tumor in vitro

Group Cell apoptosis distribution percentage and apoptosis rate
UL (%) UR (%) LL (%) LR (%) Apoptosis (%)
0 (control) 2.16 ± 0.13 1.78 ± 0.34 91.40 ± 1.83 4.66 ± 0.57 6.44 ± 0.97
10 μg/mL 1.57 ± 0.08 2.10 ± 0.23 91.25 ± 2.27 5.08 ± 0.61 7.18 ± 0.83
20 μg/mL 2.04 ± 0.12 8.05 ± 1.96* 85.25 ± 2.79* 4.66 ± 0.41 12.71 ± 1.29*
40 μg/mL 9.28 ± 1.76* 16.98 ± 0.72** 70.18 ± 1.24** 3.55 ± 0.56 20.53 ± 2.07**
80 μg/mL 14.62 ± 1.02** 31.68 ± 1.45** 51.51 ± 1.38** 2.18 ± 0.17 33.86 ± 1.17**
160 μg/mL 6.16 ± 0.66** 52.66 ± 2.82** 29.28 ± 1.65** 11.90 ± 1.17** 64.56 ± 2.05**
  1. *P < 0.05,**P < 0.01 versus control