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Table 5 Phytocomponents identified in the ethyl acetate extracts of Punica granatum fruit peel (PGPEa) (GC-MS Study)

From: Chemical analysis of Punica granatum fruit peel and its in vitro and in vivo biological properties

S. No Chemical name Retention time % of Area
1 2-furan Carboxamide, N-(3-nitrophenyl)- 1-propanone, 1-(2-furanyl)-4-Pyridinol 8.266 0.60
2 4H-Pyran-4-one, 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methyl, 4H-Pyran-4-one, 3,5-hydroxy-2-methyl. 9.425 0.62
3 Benzne, 1,3-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl, Benzne, 1,4-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl 9.552 0.31
4 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, 4-fluorobenzyl alcohol 9.760 48.59
5 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, 4-mercaptophenol 10.242 2.99
6 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, 4- fluorobenzyl alcohol 10.525 0.30
7 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, 4-fluorobenzyl alcohol 10.621 0.39
8 Bicycol [7.2.0] undec-4-ene, 4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylene, [1R-(1R,4z,9S)]- caryphyllene 12.107 0.38
9 Hexadecane, 1-iodo- Hexadecane Nonane 12.902 0.59
10 Z-8- Hexadecane, 9-Eicosene, (E)- n-Pentadecanol 14.321 0.14
11 Copaene, alpha. Cubebene 14.989 0.29
12 Hexadecane, 2-Bromotetradecane 15.420 0.90
13 Heneicosane, 11-pentyl-Docosane, 11-butyl-Tridecane 15.561 0.54
14 Nonadecane, 9-methyl-Nonane, 5-butyl-Heptadecane 15.911 0.27
15 Z-8-Hexadecane, Pentafluropropinonic acid, 4-hexad ecyl ester 16.535 0.94
16 Heneicosane, Eicosane 17.649 0.63
17 Nonadecane, 9-methyl, 7,9-Di-tert-butyl-1-oxaspiro(4,5)deca-6,9-diene-2,8-dione. 17.731 0.68
18 Pentadecanoic acid, 14-methyl easter, Hexadecanoic acid, methyl easter 17.939 0.81
19 Nonadecane, 9-methyl, Eicosane, Pentacosane 18.080 0.34
20 1-heneicosyl formate, Cyclooctacosane, 9-Tricosen, (Z)-   
21 Tetracosane, Octodecane, Hexadecane 19.543 0.48
22 Triacontane, 1-bromo-1-Chloroeicosane Heptadecane 19.595 0.59
23 Dodecane, 2,6,11-trimethyl-docosane, 7-hexyl-Tetracosane 19.677 1.98
24 Linoleic acid ethyl ester n-Propyl 9, 12-octadecadienoate 9, 12-octadecadienoic acid, ethyl ester 20.137 0.53
25 1-nonadecene, 9-Trocosene, (Z)- Bacchotricuneatin 20.204 0.63
26 1-nonadecene, 9-Trocosene, Z-5- Nonadecene 20.412 0.71
27 Tetracosane, Octadecane, Heptadecane 20.457 0.50
28 6-octen-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl acetate Phytol, acetate 1,2-15, 16-Diepoxyhexadecane 20.583 2.02
29 3,5,7-Tricyclopropyl-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-1,2(4H)-diazepineOctanoic acid, but-3-yn-2-yl ester Ethisterone 20.888 1.14
30 Triacontane, Heptadecane, Octacosane 21.333 0.39
31 3H-Cyclodeca[b]furan-2-one, 4, 9-dihydroxy-6-methyl-3, 10-dimethylene-3a, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 11a-octahydro-Bicyclo[10.1.0]trideca-4, 8-diene-1 3-carboxamide, N-(3-chlorophenyl)-1H-2, 8a-Methanocyclopenta[a]cyclopropa[e]cyclodecen-11-one, 1a, 2, 5, 5a, 6, 9, 10, 10a-octahydro-5, 5a, 6-trihydroxyl-1, 4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-1, 7, 9-trimethyl, [1S-(1.alpha., 1a.alpha., 2.alpha., 5.beta., 5a.beta., 6.beta., 8a.aipha., 9.alpha., 10a.alpha.)] 21.437 0.83
32 Heptadecane, 3-methyl- OctadecaneNonadecane 21.512 1.41
33 Octacosane, Tetracosane 22.165 0.81
34 Eicosane, Triacotane, Octadecane 22.975 0.42
35 Hexatriacontane, Octadecane, 1-iodo-Tetratetracontane 23.205 0.37
36 1-hexacosene, 9-hexacosene, E-15-heptadecenal 23.725 0.37
37 Squalene 25.300 1.07
38 Eicosane, Heneicosane, 25.924 0.56
39 Vitamin E (+)-gamma- Tocopherol, O-methyl-dl-alpha.- Tocopherol 27.499 0.96
40 CyclobarbitalTris(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)arsane, 1H-Indole-2-carboxylic acid, 6-(4- ethoxyphenyl)-3-methyl-4-oxo-4, 5, 6, 7-tetrahydro isopropyl ester 27.573 0.41
41 2, 4-Cyclohexadien- 1-one, 3, 5-bis, 1-dimethylethyl)- 4-hydroxy- Tetrasiloxane, decamethyl- Benz[b]-1, 4-oxazepine-4(5H)-thione, 2, 3-dihydro-2, 8-dimethyl 28.695 0.69
42 Anthracene, 9, 10- dihydro-9, 9, 10-trimethyl-1H- Indole, 1-methyl-2-phenyl-Ethanone, 2-(2-benzothiazolylthio)-1-(3, 5-dimethylpyralyl) 29.082 1.52
43 N-Methyl-1-adamantaneacetamide Arsenous acid, tris(trimethylsilyl) ester, Benzo[h]quinolone, 2, 4-dimethyl 29.275 0.69
44 9, 19-cyclolanost-24-en-3-ol, Lanosterol, Lanost-7-en-3-one 29.512 7.37
45 Tirucallol, Lanosterol, D:B-Friedo-18, 19-secolup-19-ene, 10-epoxy 29.943 7.58
46 1, 2-Bis(trimethylsilyl) benzene, 4-Dehydroxy-N-(4, 5-methylenedioxy- 2-nitrobenzylidene) tyramineBenzo[h]quinolone, 2, 4-dimethyl 30.382 1.48
47 1H-Indole, 1-methyl-2-phenyl- Arsenous acid, tris(trimethylsilyl) ester, Cyclotrisiloxane, hexamethyl 30.864 0.86
48 5-methyl-2-phenylindozine (1H) Pyrrole-3-carboxylic acid, 5-[cyano(4-morpholinyl) methyl]-1-(methoxymethyl), methyl ester 2- (Acetoxymethyl)-3-(methoxycarbonyl) biphenylene 31.533 1.06