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Table 2 Demographic and characteristics of AERs received between 1st Jan 2009 and 31st Dec 2014

From: Drug-induced liver injury associated with Complementary and Alternative Medicine: a review of adverse event reports in an Asian community from 2009 to 2014

Demographics & information of patients No. of cases, n (%) Characteristics of adverse event reports No. of cases, n (%)
1. Gender 5. Profession of Reporter of Adverse Event
 Female 29 (50.9)  Doctor 51 (89.5)
 Male 28 (49.1)  Pharmacist 4 (7.0)
2. Age in years  Nurse 0 (0.0)
  < 1 2 (3.5)  Drug Company 2 (3.5)
 1–20 2 (3.5)  Others 0 (0.0)
 21–40 11 (19.3) 6. Outcome of Adverse Event
 41–60 26 (45.6)  Recovered 12 (21.1)
  > 60 16 (28.1)  Not recovered 33 (57.9)
3. Ethnicity  Death 5 (8.8)
 Chinese 47 (82.5)  Uncertain Outcome 7 (12.3)
 Malay 7 (12.3) 7. Type of CAM a implicated
 Indian 1 (1.8)  Traditional Chinese Medicine 35 (61.4)
 Others 1 (1.8)  Health supplements 16 (28.1)
 Information not available 1 (1.8)  Other Traditional Medicines 6 (10.5)
4. Hospitalisation Status   
 Hospitalised 40 (70.2)   
 Not hospitalised 12 (21.1)   
 Already hospitalised 3 (5.3)   
 Information not available 2 (3.5)   
  1. Total number of reports included in data analysis, N = 57
  2. Assumption: a 3 categories of CAM: (1) Traditional Chinese Medicine (includes both CPM and traditional Chinese remedies); (2) Health supplements; (3) Other traditional medicines (includes Malay Jamu and Indian Ayurveda). Cosmetic products were excluded