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Table 1 List of plants and their vernacular name and folk use in Brazil

From: Cytotoxic potential of selected medicinal plants in northeast Brazil

Plant species Family Vernacular name Folk use in Brazil
Byrsonima sericea DC. Malpighiaceae Murici-da-mata A decoction of the stem-bark is used to treat fevers, diarrhea, syphilis and kidney disease [26]
Cupania impressinervia Acev. Rodr. var. (revoluta) Radlk Sapindaceae Caboatã-de-rego -
Duranta repens Linn. Verbenaceae Pingo-de-ouro Ornamental [27]
Helicostylis tomentosa (Poepp. & Endl) Rusby Moraceae Amoreira-preta Its fruit is used as a nutritional source [28]
Himatanthus bracteatus (A.DC.) Woodson Apocynaceae Janaguba The latex is topically applied to treat external ulcers and tumors. It is dropped in a liter of water against inflammation and cancer [26]
Ipomoea purga (Wender.) Hayne Convolvulaceae Jalapa, batata-de-purga It is used as an analgesic [29]
Ixora coccinea Linn. Rubiaceae Ixora Ornamental [30]
Mabea piriri Aubl. Euphorbiaceae Canudo de cachimbo -
Miconia minutiflora Melastomataceae Mundururu Its fruit is used as a nutritional source [28]
Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitaceae Melão-de-sabiá, melão-de-são-caetano, galinha-de-melão A decoction of a handful in a liter of water is used as a tea to treat diabetes, parasite infections, rheumatism and diarrhea [26]
Ocotea glomerata (Nees) Mez Lauraceae Caneleira, louro-branco, louro-abacate, louro-bravo The leaves are used to treat hydropsy, digestive problems and high blood pressure [31, 32]
Ocotea longifolia Kunth (Oreodaphne opifera Mart. Nees) Lauraceae Canela de cheiro Fruit oil is used to treat arthralgia and rheumatic diseases [33]
Pavonia fruticosa (Mill.) Fawc. & Rendle Malvaceae - -
Psychotria capitata Ruiz & Pav. Rubiaceae - -
Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin Araliaceae Matatauba, Marupá Its fruit is used as a nutritional source and to make local crafts [28]
Solanum paludosum Moric. Solanaceae Jurubeba-brava, jurubeba-roxa An infusion of the roots is used to treat hepatic diseases. The fruit is used as a poison [26]
Xylopia frutescens Aubl. Annonaceae Embira, semente-de-embira Its seeds and fruits are used as a digestive aid (a decoction of a teaspoon in a cup of water). It is used as a tea after meals [26]
Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam. Rutaceae Mamica de cadela, mamica de porca The roots are used as a febrifuge, digestant and tonic. The stem bark is used to treat flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, ear aches, toothaches and snake bites [34]