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Table 4 Concentrations (mg/g unless otherwise indicated) of Gurigumu-7 constituents in the three fractions

From: Hepato-protective effects and chemical constituents of a bioactive fraction of the traditional compound medicine-Gurigumu-7

Main source constituents H2O fraction 1:1 fraction MF
Safflower protocatechuic acid 0.00 ± 0.00 1.61 ± 0.01 1.15 ± 0.00
hydroxysafflor yellow A nd 12.77 ± 0.01 0.19 ± 0.02
6-hydroxykaempfer 3,6,7-triglucoside 0.17 ± 0.00 2.09 ± 0.00 0.08 ± 0.01
kaempferol-3-O-D-glucoside nd 0.082 ± 0.04 3.13 ± 0.01
bidenoside C nd nd 8.75 ± 0.01
kaempferol-3-O-rutinocoside 0.06 ± 0.01 0.65 ± 0.05 2.86 ± 0.04
6-hydroxykaempferol-3-rutinoside-6-glucoside nd 1.63 ± 0.02 0.22 ± 0.02
6-hydroxykaempferol-3,6-diglucoside nd 0.28 ± 0.039 0.04 ± 0.03
linolic acid nd 0.21 ± 0.03 26.2 ± 0.09
α-linolenic acid nd 0.20 ± 0.08 25.5 ± 0.13
oleic acid 0.36 ± 0.07 0.38 ± 0.10 3.13 ± 0.09
Fructus chebulae chebulic acid 12.81 ± 0.02 0.74 ± 0.00 0.076 ± 0.00
gallic acid 7.68 ± 0.02 12.23 ± 0.02 nd
chebumeinin A 0.09 ± 0.00 0.67 ± 0.01 0.09 ± 0.00
chebumeinin B 0.24 ± 0.01 0.48 ± 0.01 0.24 ± 0.01
casuarinin nd 2.35 ± 0.01 1.88 ± 0.01
corilagin 3.48 ± 0.01 7.30 ± 0.02 3.50 ± 0.02
chebulagic acid 2.25 ± 0.01 6.05 ± 0.01 2.38 ± 0.01
pentagalloyl glucose 0.86 ± 0.01 1.06 ± 0.01 0.94 ± 0.02
ellagic acid nd 82.14 ± 0.80 297.97 ± 1.84
Flos scabiosae caffeic acid nd 0.46 ± 0.00 nd
quinic acid nd 2.28 ± 0.01 nd
chlorogenic acid 0.87 ± 0.01 32.08 ± 0.58 0.83 ± 0.02
p-coumaric acid 0.24 ± 0.00 0.34 ± 0.00 0.67 ± 0.01
luteolin-6-C-glucoside nd 5.54 ± 0.01 0.64 ± 0.01
quercetin-3-glucoside nd 0.98 ± 0.01 4.30 ± 0.01
rutin nd nd 0.05 ± 0.00
apigenin-7-arabinoglucoside nd 0.75 ± 0.00 5.38 ± 0.02
apigenin-4′-glucoside nd nd 11.59 ± 0.02
apigenin-7-glucoside nd nd 11.51 ± 0.01
luteolin-4′-O-glucoside nd 0.73 ± 0.00 16.02 ± 0.02
luteolin-7-O-glucoside nd 0.84 ± 0.01 16.12 ± 0.02
luteolin nd nd 2.96 ± 0.02
apigenin nd nd 1.59 ± 0.01
ursolic acid nd nd 14.91 ± 0.35
hederagenin/3β,23-dihydroxyursan-12-en-28-oic acid 0.01 ± 0.019 0.01 ± 0.02 1.80 ± 0.03
Herba ephedrae Ephadra alkaloids nd 98.33 ± 0.15 %a 1.67 ± 0.64 %a
Proanthocyanidin A2 equivalent nd 31.33 ± 2.62 15.64 ± 1.78
Herba violae 6,7-dihydroxycoumarin nd 25.23 ± 0.74 3.12 ± 0.02
5,5′-bi (6,7-dihydroxycoumarin) nd 0.67 ± 0.01 nd
apigenin 6,8-di-C-β-D-glucoside, 0.54 ± 0.53 %a 90.81 ± 1.01 %a 8.65 ± 0.87 %a
apigenin 6-C-β-D-glucosyl-8-C- α-L-arabinoside/apigenin 6-C-β- D- glucosyl-8-C-β-L-arabinoside 2.88 ± 0.36 %a 48.96 ± 0.08 %a 48.16 ± 0.65 %a
apigenin 6-C-α-L-arabinosyl- 8-C-β-D-xyloside/apigenin 6,8-di-C-α-L-arabinoside 2.66 ± 0.08 %a 47.50 ± 0.45 %a 49.83 ± 0.71 %a
Caulis clematidis armandii calceolarioside B   0.18 ± 0.89 0.17 ± 0.07
  1. nd not detectable
  2. apercentages of these compounds were calculated according to the peak area ratios of the compounds in LC-MS
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