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Table 1 Effects of ZGW on early embryo development in high-glucose medium

From: Zuogui Wan rescues the high-glucose-induced damaging effects on early embryo development

ZGW (%)(v/v) Zygote (n) Cleaved (%) Blastocyst (%) Cell numbers (n)
Regular medium 93 83.9 ± 1.5a 55.9 ± 1.0a 68.4 ± 2.4a
HG medium 97 72.1 ± 1.3be 41.3 ± 1.7b 57.2 ± 1.6be
HG medium (vehicle) 92 71.0 ± 1.6bc 38.0 ± 1.2c 54.0 ± 2.4c
HG medium(0.01 %) 95 80.1 ± 1.0d 50.5 ± 1.0d 63.2 ± 2.2d
HG medium(0.10 %) 94 73.4 ± 1.7e 44.8 ± 2.2e 60.0 ± 1.9e
HG medium(1.00 %) 92 69.6 ± 1.7c 39.1 ± 1.7bc 55.6 ± 2.6bc
  1. Regular medium: KSOM medium with 0.2 mmol/L glucose
  2. HG medium: high glucose medium (KSOM medium with 15.6 mmol/L glucose)
  3. Vehicle: 0.01 % normal serum
  4. Data are presented as mean ± S.E.M
  5. Values with different superscript letters (a,b,c,d,e) within the same column are statistically significant (P < 0.05)