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Table 1 Critical appraisal tool analysis results

From: Complementary medicine use by the Australian population: a critical mixed studies systematic review of utilisation, perceptions and factors associated with use

Quality assessment Methodology Participant characteristics CM definition Score
Representative sampling method Sample size >500 Response rate >75 % Low recall bias Age Gender Residence location Socioeconomic status Health status  
Adams et al., 2003 [27] X X   X X X X X X X 9
Adams et al., 2005 [75] X X   X X X X   X X 8
Adams et al., 2007 [47] X X X X X X X X X   9
Adams et al., 2011 [49] X X   X X X X X X   8
Adams et al., 2012 [55] X X   X X X    X   6
Adams et al., 2013 [73] X X X X X X X   X   8
Alderman & Kiepfer, 2003 [86]     X X X    X   4
Basedow et al., 2014 [46] X   X X X X   X X   7
Braun & Cohen, 2011 [59]    X X   X   X    4
Broom et al., 2012a [68] X X   X X X    X   6
Broom et al., 2012b [77] X X   X X X    X   6
Brownie, 2006 [71] X X X X X X   X X   8
Buchbinder et al., 2002 [72] X    X X X   X X   6
Canaway & Manderson, 2013 [28] X X   X X X X X X X 9
Chatfield et al., 2009 [80]    X X X X X X X X 8
Correa-Velez et al., 2003 [65]    X X X X   X X X 7
Correa-Velez et al., 2005 [66] X    X X X    X   5
D’Onise et al., 2013 [31] X X   X X X   X X X 8
Day, 2002 [82]    X X X     X   4
Day et al., 2004 [39]     X X X    X   4
De Visser et al., 2000 [56]   X    X X   X X   5
Dunning, 2003 [38]     X X X    X   4
Edwards et al., 2014 [35]   X   X X X    X   5
Feldman & Laura, 2004 [44]   X    X     X   3
Field et al., 2008 [57]   X X   X X X X X   7
Fong & Fong, 2002 [43]      X X    X   3
Forster et al., 2006 [70]   X X X X X X X X   8
Frawley et al., 2013 [29] X X X X X X   X X X 9
George et al., 2004 [60]     X X X     X 4
Gollschewski et al., 2004 [87] X X   X X X X X X   8
Heath et al., 2012 [69]     X X X    X   5
Hunter et al., 2014 [37]    X X X X   X X   6
Klafke et al., 2012 [36]    X X X X   X X X 7
Kremser et al., 2008 [53]     X X X   X X   5
Leong et al., 2009 [84]     X   X X X X   5
Lim et al., 2005 [42]   X   X X X    X X 6
MacLennan et al., 2006 [34]   X   X X X X X X   7
Magin et al., 2006 [63]     X X X    X   4
Mak & Faux, 2010 [52]     X X X   X X X 6
Markovic et al., 2006 [51]      X X    X X 4
Murthy et al., 2014a [74] X X X X X X X X X   9
Murthy et al., 2014b [95] X X X X X X X X X   9
O’Callaghan& Jordan, 2003 [96]     X X X   X    4
Patching van der Sluijs, et al., 2007 [50]   X    X X   X X   5
Rayner et al., 2009 [54]      X X    X   3
Sarris et al., 2010 [76] X     X X   X X   5
Shenfield et al., 2002 [58]      X     X   2
Shorofi & Arbon, 2010 [45]     X X X X X    5
Sibbritt et al., 2006 [79] X X X X X X X X X   9
Sibbritt et al., 2013 [62] X X   X X X X X X   8
Sinha & Efron, 2005 [40]     X X X    X   4
Skouteris et al., 2008 [97]     X X X   X X   5
Smith & Eckert, 2006 [67] X X   X X X   X X   7
Smith et al., 2013 [85]    X X X X   X X   6
Spinks et al., 2014 [83]   X X X X X X X X   8
Stankiewicz et al., 2007 [48]     X X X   X    4
Steel et al., 2012 [64] X X X X X X   X X   8
Steel et al., 2014a [98] X X X X X X X X X   9
Steel et al., 2014b [99] X X X X X X X X X   9
Trutnovsky et al., 2001 [78]     X X X    X   4
Wadhera et al., 2011 [41]     X X X   X X X 6
Wilkinson & Simpson, 2001 [32] X    X X X X X X   7
Wilkinson & Jelinek, 2009 [33]     X X X X X X   5
Xue et al., 2007 [30] X X   X X X X X X   8