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Table 10 Phytochemical constituents of PEBP, EABP and AQBP in comparison to the leaves of B. purpurea (BP) and MEBP

From: Hepatoprotective action of various partitions of methanol extract of Bauhinia purpurea leaves against paracetamol-induced liver toxicity: involvement of the antioxidant mechanisms

Classes of bioactive compounds Types of extracts
BP MEBP PEBP EABP AQBP
Alkaloids - - - - -
Saponins + + - + +
Flavonoids + + ++ ++ -
Tannins and polyphenolic compounds + + + + +
Triterpenes +++ + ++ - -
Steroids +++ ++ +++ +++ -
  1. BP - B. purpurea leaves, MEBP - methanol extract of B. purpurea
  2. For saponins - + = 1–2 cm froth; ++ = 2–3 cm froth; +++ = >3 cm froth
  3. For flavonoids, tannins, triterpenes and steroids - + = weak colour; ++ = mild colour; +++ = strong colour
  4. For akalioids - + = negligible amount of precipitate; ++ = mild precipitate; +++ = strong precipitate; – = not detected