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Table 5 Triglyceride storage in the liver, gastrocnemius muscle and quadriceps muscles

From: The combination of Artemisia princeps Pamp, Leonurus japonicas Houtt, and Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit attenuates the exacerbation of energy, lipid, and glucose by increasing hepatic PGC-1α expression in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control (n = 12) APP (n = 12) APP + LJH (n = 12) APP + LJH + GJE(n = 12) Positive-control (n = 12)
Liver (mg/g tissues) 0.86 ± 0.10a 0.75 ± 0.09b 0.74 ± 0.07b 0.61 ± 0.09c 0.57 ± 0.08c
Gastrocnemius muscles (mg/g tissues) 1.25 ± 0.21a 1.18 ± 0.18ab 1.10 ± 0.22ab 1.02 ± 0.17b 0.93 ± 0.17b
Quadriceps muscles (mg/g tissues) 2.62 ± 0.39a 2.24 ± 0.36b 2.18 ± 0.32bc 2.01 ± 0.28c 1.93 ± 0.29c
  1. Control, OVX rats fed a high-fat diet (OVX-CON) with 2 % dextrin; APP, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Artemisia princeps Pamp water extract; LJH, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Leonurus japonicas Houtt water extract; GJE, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Gardenia jasminoides Ellis water extract; positive-control, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol + 2 % dextrose. Values are means ± SD
  2. a,b,c Significantly different among all groups by Tukey test at p < 0.05