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Table 2 Metabolic parameters related to energy metabolism at the end of experimental periods

From: The combination of Artemisia princeps Pamp, Leonurus japonicas Houtt, and Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit attenuates the exacerbation of energy, lipid, and glucose by increasing hepatic PGC-1α expression in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control (n = 12) APP (n = 12) APP + LJH (n = 12) APP + LJH + GJE (n = 12) Positive-control (n = 12)
Body weight (g) 355 ± 18a 360 ± 25a 362 ± 19a 340 ± 19b 333 ± 18b
Body weight gain (g) 96.9 ± 7.7a 99.1 ± 9.4a 101.2 ± 7.3a 70.3 ± 7.3b 74.1 ± 7.9c
Peri-uterine fat (g) 11.2 ± 1.1a 8.9 ± 0.9b 9.2 ± 0.9b 6.6 ± 0.7c 6.1 ± 0.7c
Ratio of peri-uterine fat and body weight 0.032 ± 0.007a 0.025 ± 0.004b 0.025 ± 0.005b 0.019 ± 0.004c 0.018 ± 0.004c
Retroperitoneum fat (g) 13.3 ± 1.4a 12.2 ± 1.3a 13.0 ± 1.4a 8.7 ± 1.0b 8.2 ± 0.8b
Ratio of retroperitoneum fat and body weight 0.037 ± 0.008a 0.034 ± 0.005a 0.036 ± 0.007a 0.026 ± 0.005b 0.025 ± 0.005b
Uterine index 0.56 ± 0.06c 0.56 ± 0.06c 0.62 ± 0.07c 0.91 ± 0.09b 1.53 ± 0.14a
Overnight fasted leptin levels (ng/mL) 3.4 ± 0.6a 3.8 ± 0.6ab 3.9 ± 0.6ab 4.1 ± 0.6b 4.3 ± 0.7b
  1. Control, OVX rats fed a high-fat diet (OVX-CON) with 2 % dextrin; APP, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Artemisia princeps Pamp water extract; LJH, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Leonurus japonicas Houtt water extract; GJE, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Gardenia jasminoides Ellis water extract; positive-control, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol + 2 % dextrose. Values are means ± SD
  2. a,b,c Significantly different among all groups by Tukey test at p < 0.05
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