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Fig. 5 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 5

From: The combination of Artemisia princeps Pamp, Leonurus japonicas Houtt, and Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit attenuates the exacerbation of energy, lipid, and glucose by increasing hepatic PGC-1α expression in estrogen-deficient rats

Fig. 5

The mRNA expression of genes related to fatty acid metabolism and insulin signaling in the liver. Control, OVX rats fed a high-fat diet with 2 % dextrin; APP, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Artemisia princeps Pamp water extract; LJH, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Leonurus japonicas Houtt water extract; GJE, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 2 % Gardenia jasminoides Ellis water extract; positive-control, OVX rats fed a high fat diet with 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol + 2 % dextrose. At end of the experimental period, mRNA levels of hepatic genes involved in fatty acid oxidation (a) and synthesis (b) were measured by real-time PCR. Insulin signaling (c) also measured by immunoblotting assay. Bars and error bars represent means ± SD (n = 6). a,b,c Significantly different among all groups by Tukey’s test at p < 0.05

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