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Table 3 Comparison of the pattern of use, recommendation of and knowledge of CAM modalities among final year undergraduate medicine, pharmacy and nursing students using Fisher exact two tailed test

From: Exploring self-use, attitude and interest to study complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy and nursing students in Sierra Leone: a comparative study

CAM Modalities Medicine Pharmacy Nursing P-value
Use of CAM
  N = 26 N = 8 N = 5  
  Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n)  
Acupuncture 1 25 0 8 0 5 1.000
Herbal 19 7 7 1 5 0 0.596
Massage 9 17 4 4 1 4 0.687
Ayurveda 0 26 0 8 0 5 N/A
Spiritual/prayer 15 11 5 3 3 2 1.000
Homeopathy 1 25 0 8 0 5 1.000
Meditation 4 22 2 6 0 5 0.655
Recommendation of CAM
  N = 29 N = 9 N = 5  
  Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n)  
Acupuncture 2 27 0 9 0 5 1.000
Herbal 14 15 7 2 5 0 0.046
Massage 11 18 6 3 0 5 0.053
Ayurveda 0 29 0 9 0 5 N/A
Spiritual/prayer 14 15 6 3 3 2 0.652
Homeopathy 0 29 0 9 0 5 N/A
Meditation 10 19 2 7 0 5 0.342
Knowledge of CAM
  N = 23 N = 5 N = 3  
  Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n) Yes (n) No (n)  
Accupunture 1 22 0 5 0 3 1.00
Herbal 10 13 3 2 3 0 0.213
Massage 8 15 4 1 0 3 0.091
Ayurveda 0 23 0 5 0 3 N/A
Spiritual/prayer 13 10 4 1 2 1 0.826
Homeopathy 0 23 0 5 0 3 N/A
Meditation 6 17 2 3 0 3 0.653
  1. Note: NA Not applicable as no observed cases were present in the “yes” column which means Pearson chi square or Fisher exact tests could not be computed