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Table 6 Associations between chronic conditions and different types of TCAM use

From: The utilization of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine for non-communicable diseases and mental disorders in health care patients in Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam

Chronic conditions treated in the past 12 months, for the following conditions… TCAM provider TCAM products TCAM self-help
  Adjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio Adjusted Odds Ratio
1) Hypertension   0.85 (0.74–0.99)*  
2) Stomach and intestinal disease   1.91 (1.16–2.19)*** 0.54 (0.42–0.70)***
3) Diabetes mellitus    1.48 (1.05–2.08)*
4) Gout and other musculoskeletal conditions, such as chronic backache 1.94 (1.59–2.37)*** 1.58 (1.32–1.88)*** 0.33 (0.23–0.48)***
5) Arthritis 2.01 (1.66–2.44)*** 1.26 (1.06–1.50)*** 2.04 (1.58–2.65)***
6) Dyslipidaemia    5.68 (1.87–17.31)**
7) Migraine or frequent headaches 1.69 (1.29–2.20)***   1.72 (1.21–2.45)**
8) Cardiac failure 1.34 (1.05–1.81)* 0.79 (0.61–1.01)  
9) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)    0.63 (0.45–0.89)**
10) Asthma    
11) Kidney disease 1.42 (1.03–1.95)*   
12) Stroke 4.31 (2.99–6.22)*** 2.11 (1.45–3.07)***  
13) Liver disease    
14) Coronary artery disease 1.54 (0.96–2.46) 1.70 (1.06–2.70)* 0.47 (0.20–1.09)
15) Cardiac arrhythmias   2.28 (1.42–3.64)***  
16) Mental disorder 2.12 (1.42–3.19)***   
17) Thyroid disease    7.78 (1.52–39.91)*
18) Parkinson’s disease    
19) Cancer   1.89 (1.12–3.19)* 0.23 (0.04–1.45)
20) Epilepsy   0.31 (0.10–0.99)*  
  1. ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05